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Advances in Agriculture
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 4106043, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/4106043
Research Article

Community Perception on Beekeeping Practices, Management, and Constraints in Termaber and Basona Werena Districts, Central Ethiopia

1Department of Animal, Rangeland and Wildlife Sciences, College of Dryland Agriculture and Natural Resource, Mekelle University, Mekelle, Ethiopia
2Department of Biology, College of Natural Sciences, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia
3Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences and Pathology, College of Health Sciences, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia
4Tropical and Infectious Diseases Research Center, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia

Received 16 March 2016; Accepted 27 June 2016

Academic Editor: Ayman Suleiman

Copyright © 2016 Abadi Berhe et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Adequate forage availability coupled with favorable and diversified agroclimatic conditions of Ethiopia creates environmental conditions conducive to the growth of over 7000 species of flowering plants which have supported the existence of large number of bee colonies in the country. Despite its potential of honey production, the contribution of apiculture to state GDP is far below its expectation and not well estimated yet. The objective of this study was to assess community perception in beekeeping management and constraints in central Ethiopia. 384 household heads were randomly selected from eight sentinel kebeles. Semistructured questionnaire, in-depth interview, and focus group discussions were employed to gather data. Chi-square () test was used to determine association. Three beekeeping management systems, namely, traditional, transitional, and modern beekeeping, were documented. Beekeeping was reported to create job opportunity for landless men and women for their livelihood and needs low capital to start. Significant difference () in beekeeping management activities between two districts was reported. Even though honey production is increasing, the trends of transferring traditional beekeeping to modern beekeeping practice showed a decline. Training and building capacity for hive management, colony feeding, and honey harvesting should be put in place in order to improve honey production.