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Advances in Agriculture
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 7083206, 5 pages
Research Article

Influence of Lime and Phosphorus Application Rates on Growth of Maize in an Acid Soil

Department of Soil Science, Maseno University, P.O. Box 3275-40100, Kisumu, Kenya

Correspondence should be addressed to Peter Asbon Opala

Received 24 October 2016; Revised 16 December 2016; Accepted 22 December 2016; Published 11 January 2017

Academic Editor: Tibor Janda

Copyright © 2017 Peter Asbon Opala. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The interactive effects of lime and phosphorus on maize growth in an acid soil were investigated in a greenhouse experiment. A completely randomized design with 12 treatments consisting of four lime levels, 0, 2, 10, and 20 t ha−1, in a factorial combination with three phosphorus rates, 0, 30, and 100 kg ha−1, was used. Maize was grown in pots for six weeks and its heights and dry matter yield were determined and soils were analyzed for available P and exchangeable acidity. Liming significantly reduced the exchangeable acidity in the soils. The effect of lime on available P was not significant but available P increased with increasing P rates. There was a significant effect of lime, P, and P by lime interactions on plant heights and dry matter. Without lime application, dry matter increased with increasing P rates but, with lime, dry mattes increased from 0 to 30 kg P ha−1 but declined from 30 to 100 kg P ha−1. The highest dry matter yield (13.8 g pot−1) was obtained with a combined 2 t ha−1 of lime with 30 kg P ha−1 suggesting that lime application at low rates combined with moderate amounts of P would be appropriate in this soil.