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Advances in Acoustics and Vibration
Volume 2010 (2010), Article ID 730813, 9 pages
Research Article

A Control Source Structure of Single Loudspeaker and Rear Sound Interference for Inexpensive Active Noise Control

1Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Nagaoka University of Technology, Nagaoka, Niigata 940-2188, Japan
2Department of Applied Analysis and Complex Dynamical Systems, Graduate School of Informatics, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8501, Japan
3Graduate School of Engineering, Nagaoka University of Technology, Niigata 940-2188, Japan

Received 17 March 2010; Accepted 4 June 2010

Academic Editor: Marek Pawelczyk

Copyright © 2010 Yasuhide Kobayashi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Active noise control systems of simple ducts are investigated. In particular, open-loop characteristics and closed-loop performances corresponding to various structures of control sources are compared based on both mathematical models and experimental results. In addition to the standard single loudspeaker and the Swinbanks' source, we propose and examine a single loudspeaker with a rear sound interference as a novel structure of control source, where the rear sound radiated from the loudspeaker is interfered with the front sound in order to reduce the net upstream sound directly radiated from the control source. The comparisons of the control structures are performed as follows. First, the open-loop transfer function is derived based on the standard wave equation, where a generalized control structure unifying the three structures mentioned above is considered. Secondly, by a comparison of the open-loop transfer functions from the first principle modeling and frequency response experiments, it is shown that a certain phase-lag is imposed by the Swinbanks' source and the rear sound interference. Thirdly, effects on control performances of control source structures are examined by control experiments with robust controllers.