Applied Bionics and Biomechanics

Applied Bionics and Biomechanics / 2012 / Article
Special Issue

Personal Care Robotics

View this Special Issue

Open Access

Volume 9 |Article ID 125725 | 19 pages | https://doi.org/10.3233/ABB-2011-0012

Driving Backwards Using a Semi-Autonomous Smart Wheelchair System (DSS): A Clinical Evaluation

Abstract

Some wheelchair users have difficulty looking backward when backing up in confined spaces due to limited neck range of motion or low vision, which can lead to collisions which may result in personal injury or property damage. The Drive Safe System (DSS) was evaluated in a controlled laboratory setting with blindfolded able-bodied individuals on various backward driving tasks. Performance with the DSS was compared with a standard white cane used for navigation assistance by people with visual impairment. Results indicate that the DSS significantly reduced the number of collisions compared to using a cane (p = 0.0001) alone. There was no difference in task completion time when participants were using the cane or the DSS (p = 0.915). Users rated the DSS favourably as they experience less total workload (p = 0.026), less physical demand (p = 0.006), felt less frustrated (p = 0.002) and put less effort (p = 0.007) to achieve better performance when using the DSS, compared to using a cane. These findings suggest that the DSS can be a viable powered mobility solution for wheelchair users with visual impairments.

Copyright © 2012 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


More related articles

392 Views | 283 Downloads | 0 Citations
 PDF  Download Citation  Citation
 Order printed copiesOrder

Related articles

We are committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly and safely as possible. Any author submitting a COVID-19 paper should notify us at help@hindawi.com to ensure their research is fast-tracked and made available on a preprint server as soon as possible. We will be providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted articles related to COVID-19. Sign up here as a reviewer to help fast-track new submissions.