D. F. B. Haeufle, M. Günther, R. Blickhan, S. Schmitt, "Proof of Concept: Model Based Bionic Muscle with Hyperbolic Force-Velocity Relation", Applied Bionics and Biomechanics, vol. 9, Article ID 146909, 8 pages, 2012. https://doi.org/10.3233/ABB-2011-0052
Proof of Concept: Model Based Bionic Muscle with Hyperbolic Force-Velocity Relation
Recently, the hyperbolic Hill-type force-velocity relation was derived from basic physical components. It was shown that a contractile element CE consisting of a mechanical energy source (active element AE), a parallel damper element (PDE), and a serial element (SE) exhibits operating points with hyperbolic force-velocity dependency. In this paper, a technical proof of this concept was presented. AE and PDE were implemented as electric motors, SE as a mechanical spring. The force-velocity relation of this artificial CE was determined in quick release experiments. The CE exhibited hyperbolic force-velocity dependency. This proof of concept can be seen as a well-founded starting point for the development of Hill-type artificial muscles.
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