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Applied Bionics and Biomechanics
Volume 10 (2013), Issue 2-3, Pages 125-133
http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/ABB-130077

Application of Topology Optimization to the Tibial Osteotomy Fixation Plates

M. Akif Kutuk and Ibrahim Gov

Mechanical Engineering Department, Engineering Faculty, University of Gaziantep, Gaziantep, Turkey

Copyright © 2013 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Application of topology optimization to fixation plates is the main consideration of this paper. The interbody fusion plates are required to give mechanical support to tibia with minimally invasive surgical procedure. Topology optimization is used to obtain fixation plates with possible minimum material usage. Topology optimization is applied to three types of plates which are used in upper tibial osteotomy. Initial design of the plates are first numerically modelled and then investigated for stresses under possible highest load values. The results of the analysis indicated that the plates are very stiff even under high loads. Application of topology optimization to plates yielded minimized weight and material usage while keeping the plates still adequate for possible high load values. It was also revealed that up to 50% of mass could be saved by an optimal implant design.