Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Applied Bionics and Biomechanics
Volume 2015, Article ID 503713, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/503713
Research Article

Kinematic Analysis of a Six-Degrees-of-Freedom Model Based on ISB Recommendation: A Repeatability Analysis and Comparison with Conventional Gait Model

Department of Biomedical Engineering, Mechatronics and Theory of Mechanisms, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Wrocław University of Technology, Łukasiewicza 7/9, 50-371 Wrocław, Poland

Received 8 July 2014; Revised 7 January 2015; Accepted 18 January 2015

Academic Editor: Alicia El Haj

Copyright © 2015 Magdalena Żuk and Celina Pezowicz. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. R. Baker, “Gait analysis methods in rehabilitation,” Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation, vol. 3, article 4, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. T. D. Collins, S. N. Ghoussayni, D. J. Ewins, and J. A. Kent, “A six degrees-of-freedom marker set for gait analysis: repeatability and comparison with a modified Helen Hayes set,” Gait and Posture, vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 173–180, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. A. Ferrari, M. G. Benedetti, E. Pavan et al., “Quantitative comparison of five current protocols in gait analysis,” Gait and Posture, vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 207–216, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. A. Leardini, Z. Sawacha, G. Paolini, S. Ingrosso, R. Nativo, and M. G. Benedetti, “A new anatomically based protocol for gait analysis in children,” Gait and Posture, vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 560–571, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. G. Wu, S. Siegler, P. Allard et al., “ISB recommendation on definitions of joint coordinate system of various joints for the reporting of human joint motion—part I: ankle, hip, and spine,” Journal of Biomechanics, vol. 35, no. 4, pp. 543–548, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. M. P. Kadaba, H. K. Ramakrishnan, and M. E. Wootten, “Measurement of lower extremity kinematics during level walking,” Journal of Orthopaedic Research, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 383–392, 1990. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. R. B. Davis III, S. Õunpuu, D. Tyburski, and J. R. Gage, “A gait analysis data collection and reduction technique,” Human Movement Science, vol. 10, no. 5, pp. 575–587, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. U. Della Croce, A. Leardini, L. Chiari, and A. Cappozzo, “Human movement analysis using stereophotogrammetry Part 4: assessment of anatomical landmark misplacement and its effects on joint kinematics,” Gait and Posture, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 226–237, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. M. Manca, A. Leardini, S. Cavazza et al., “Repeatability of a new protocol for gait analysis in adult subjects,” Gait and Posture, vol. 32, no. 2, pp. 282–284, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. M. H. Schwartz, J. P. Trost, and R. A. Wervey, “Measurement and management of errors in quantitative gait data,” Gait and Posture, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 196–203, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. A. Cappozzo, F. Catani, U. Della Croce, and A. Leardini, “Position and orientation in space of bones during movement: anatomical frame definition and determination,” Clinical Biomechanics, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 171–178, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. M. G. Benedetti, F. Catani, A. Leardini, E. Pignotti, and S. Giannini, “Data management in gait analysis for clinical applications,” Clinical Biomechanics, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 204–215, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. A. Cappozzo, A. Cappello, U. D. Croce, and F. Pensalfini, “Surface-marker cluster design criteria for 3-D bone movement reconstruction,” IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, vol. 44, no. 12, pp. 1165–1174, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. J. L. McGinley, R. Baker, R. Wolfe, and M. E. Morris, “The reliability of three-dimensional kinematic gait measurements: a systematic review,” Gait and Posture, vol. 29, no. 3, pp. 360–369, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. B. Pietraszewski, S. Winiarski, and S. Jaroszczuk, “Three-dimensional human gait pattern—reference data for normal men,” Acta of Bioengineering and Biomechanics, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 9–16, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. M. Żuk and K. Krysztoforski, “Marker set for gait analysis and its implementation in custom software,” in Proceedings of the Biomechanics Conference, pp. 333–334, Białystok, Poland, 2012.
  17. S. J. Tupling and M. R. Pierrynowski, “Use of cardan angles to locate rigid bodies in three-dimensional space,” Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing, vol. 25, no. 5, pp. 527–532, 1987. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. D. A. Winter, Biomechanics and Motor Control of Human Movement, John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY, USA, 2009.
  19. E. Palermo, S. Rossi, F. Marini, F. Patanè, and P. Cappa, “Experimental evaluation of accuracy and repeatability of a novel body-to-sensor calibration procedure for inertial sensor-based gait analysis,” Measurement: Journal of the International Measurement Confederation, vol. 52, no. 1, pp. 145–155, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. A. Peters, M. Sangeux, M. E. Morris, and R. Baker, “Determination of the optimal locations of surface-mounted markers on the tibial segment,” Gait and Posture, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 42–48, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. M. Żuk, E. Świątek-Najwer, and C. Pezowicz, “Hip joint centre localization: evaluation of formal methods and effects on joint kinematics,” in Information Technologies in Biomedicine, vol. 284 of Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, pp. 57–67, Springer, Berlin, Germany, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  22. R. Stagni, A. Leardini, A. Cappozzo, M. Grazia Benedetti, and A. Cappello, “Effects of hip joint centre mislocation on gait analysis results,” Journal of Biomechanics, vol. 33, no. 11, pp. 1479–1487, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. S. L. Delp and W. Maloney, “Effects of hip center location on the moment-generating capacity of the muscles,” Journal of Biomechanics, vol. 26, no. 4-5, pp. 485–499, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. M. Sangeux, A. Peters, and R. Baker, “Hip joint centre localization: evaluation on normal subjects in the context of gait analysis,” Gait & Posture, vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 324–328, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. A. Leardini, A. Cappozzo, F. Catani et al., “Validation of a functional method for the estimation of hip joint centre location,” Journal of Biomechanics, vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 99–103, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. A. Cappozzo, U. Della Croce, A. Leardini, and L. Chiari, “Human movement analysis using stereophotogrammetry. Part 1. Theoretical background,” Gait and Posture, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 186–196, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. M. G. Benedetti, M. Manca, G. Ferraresi, M. Boschi, and A. Leardini, “A new protocol for 3D assessment of foot during gait: application on patients with equinovarus foot,” Clinical Biomechanics, vol. 26, no. 10, pp. 1033–1038, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. M. H. Schwartz and A. Rozumalski, “A new method for estimating joint parameters from motion data,” Journal of Biomechanics, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 107–116, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. J. L. Hicks and J. G. Richards, “Clinical applicability of using spherical fitting to find hip joint centers,” Gait and Posture, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 138–145, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus