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Applied Bionics and Biomechanics
Volume 2016, Article ID 7049743, 16 pages
Review Article

A Review of Instrumented Equipment to Investigate Head Impacts in Sport

1Australian Collaboration for Research into Injury in Sport and Its Prevention (ACRISP), Federation University Australia, Ballarat, VIC, Australia
2Sports Injury Prevention Research Centre (SIPRC), Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada

Received 7 April 2016; Accepted 23 June 2016

Academic Editor: Justin Keogh

Copyright © 2016 Declan A. Patton. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Contact, collision, and combat sports have more head impacts as compared to noncontact sports; therefore, such sports are uniquely suited to the investigation of head impact biomechanics. Recent advances in technology have enabled the development of instrumented equipment, which can estimate the head impact kinematics of human subjects in vivo. Literature pertaining to head impact measurement devices was reviewed and usage, in terms of validation and field studies, of such devices was discussed. Over the past decade, instrumented equipment has recorded millions of impacts in the laboratory, on the field, in the ring, and on the ice. Instrumented equipment is not without limitations; however, in vivo head impact data is crucial to investigate head injury mechanisms and further the understanding of concussion.