Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Applied Bionics and Biomechanics
Volume 2017, Article ID 1305479, 15 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/1305479
Review Article

Influence of Cleats-Surface Interaction on the Performance and Risk of Injury in Soccer: A Systematic Review

1Área Científica de Ciências Funcionais, Escola Superior de Saúde do Porto, Instituto Politécnico do Porto, Centro de Estudos de Movimento e Atividade Humana, Rua Dr. António Bernardino de Almeida 400, 4200-072 Porto, Portugal
2Área Científica de Física, Escola Superior de Saúde do Porto, Instituto Politécnico do Porto, Centro de Estudos de Movimento e Atividade Humana, Rua Dr. António Bernardino de Almeida 400, 4200-072 Porto, Portugal
3Faculdade de Desporto, CIFI2D, Universidade de Desporto e Laboratório de Biomecânica do Porto, Universidade do Porto, Porto, Portugal
4Área Científica de Fisioterapia, Escola Superior de Saúde do Porto, Instituto Politécnico do Porto, Centro de Estudos de Movimento e Atividade Humana, Rua Dr. António Bernardino de Almeida 400, 4200-072 Porto, Portugal

Correspondence should be addressed to Andreia S. P. Sousa; moc.liamg@spsa.aierdna

Received 15 January 2017; Revised 22 March 2017; Accepted 11 April 2017; Published 8 June 2017

Academic Editor: Stefano Zaffagnini

Copyright © 2017 Diogo C. F. Silva et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. To review the influence of cleats-surface interaction on the performance and risk of injury in soccer athletes. Design. Systematic review. Data Sources. Scopus, Web of science, PubMed, and B-on. Eligibility Criteria. Full experimental and original papers, written in English that studied the influence of soccer cleats on sports performance and injury risk in artificial or natural grass. Results. Twenty-three articles were included in this review: nine related to performance and fourteen to injury risk. On artificial grass, the soft ground model on dry and wet conditions and the turf model in wet conditions are related to worse performance. Compared to rounded studs, bladed ones improve performance during changes of directions in both natural and synthetic grass. Cleat models presenting better traction on the stance leg improve ball velocity while those presenting a homogeneous pressure across the foot promote better kicking accuracy. Bladed studs can be considered less secure by increasing plantar pressure on lateral border. The turf model decrease peak plantar pressure compared to other studded models. Conclusion. The soft ground model provides lower performance especially on artificial grass, while the turf model provides a high protective effect in both fields.