Applied Bionics and Biomechanics / 2017 / Article / Tab 1

Review Article

Influence of Cleats-Surface Interaction on the Performance and Risk of Injury in Soccer: A Systematic Review

Table 1

Cleats’ characteristics.

Cleat modelIndicated fieldStuds/sole materialStuds
NumberSizeGeometry

TurfSyntheticRubber studs and compliant sole>556-7 mmCylindrical, conical (rounded), prismatic, and bladed
Artificial grassPlastic studs and rigid plastic sole228–10 mm
Hard groundDirt field1410–12 mm
Firm groundNatural ground in good conditions1110–12 mm
Soft groundMuddy or wet natural groundAluminum studs and rigid plastic sole613–16 mm