Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Applied Bionics and Biomechanics
Volume 2017, Article ID 2638908, 7 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/2638908
Research Article

Full Step Cycle Kinematic and Kinetic Comparison of Barefoot Walking and a Traditional Shoe Walking in Healthy Youth: Insights for Barefoot Technology

1Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, The 1st Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510080, China
2Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Mechanical Engineering, Motion Analysis & Motor Performance Laboratory, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22903, USA
3Department of Neurology, The Seventh Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University, Shenzhen 518107, China
4CDR, MC USN, Department of Radiology, Naval Medical Center Portsmouth, Portsmouth, VA 23708, USA
5Department of Kinesiology, California State University East Bay, Hayward, CA 94542, USA

Correspondence should be addressed to Bradford C. Bennett; ude.yabtsaeusc@ttenneb.drofdarb and Shawn D. Russell; ude.ainigriv@n2rds

Received 19 May 2017; Revised 15 August 2017; Accepted 11 September 2017; Published 7 November 2017

Academic Editor: Estefanía Peña

Copyright © 2017 Yi Xu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. J. F. Esculier, B. Dubois, C. E. Dionne, J. Leblond, and J. S. Roy, “A consensus definition and rating scale for minimalist shoes,” Journal of Foot and Ankle Research, vol. 8, no. 1, p. 42, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. F. Trombini-Souza, A. B. Matias, M. Yokota et al., “Long-term use of minimal footwear on pain, self-reported function, analgesic intake, and joint loading in elderly women with knee osteoarthritis: a randomized controlled trial,” Clinical Biomechanics, vol. 30, no. 10, pp. 1194–1201, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. J. F. Lisón, P. Pérez-Soriano, S. Llana-Belloch, D. Sánchez-Zuriaga, and P. Salvador-Coloma, “Effects of unstable shoes on trunk muscle activity and lumber spine kinematics,” European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, vol. 52, no. 4, pp. 440–446, 2016. View at Google Scholar
  4. I. C. Sacco, C. D. Sartor, L. P. Cacciari et al., “Effect of a rocker non-heeled shoe on EMG and ground reaction forces during gait without previous training,” Gait & Posture, vol. 36, no. 2, pp. 312–315, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. R. W. Willy and I. S. Davis, “Kinematic and kinetic comparison of running in standard and minimalist shoes,” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, vol. 46, no. 2, pp. 318–323, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. J. Sinclair, “Effects of barefoot and barefoot inspired footwear on knee and ankle loading during running,” Clinical biomechanics, vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 395–399, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. Y. Gu, Y. Lu, Q. Mei, J. Li, and J. Ren, “Effects of different unstable sole construction on kinematics and muscle activity of lower limb,” Human Movement Science, vol. 36, no. 6, pp. 46–57, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. M. Khoury, A. Haim, A. Herman, N. Rozen, and A. Wolf, “Alteration of the foot center of pressure trajectory by an unstable shoe design,” Journal of Foot and Ankle Research, vol. 8, no. 1, p. 67, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. S. Preis and A. KlemmsK. Muller, “Gait analysis by measuring ground forces in children: changes to adaptive gait pattern between the ages of one and five years,” Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, vol. 39, no. 4, pp. 228–233, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  10. J. J. Eng and D. A. Winter, “Kinetic analysis of the lower limbs during walking: what information can be gained from a three-dimensional model?” Journal of Biomechanics, vol. 28, no. 6, pp. 753–758, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. C. H. Yeow, P. V. Lee, and J. C. Goh, “Shod landing provides enhanced energy dissipation at the knee joint relative to barefoot landing from different heights,” The Knee, vol. 18, no. 6, pp. 407–411, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. R. K. Jones, G. J. Chapman, M. J. Parkes, L. Forsythe, and D. T. Felson, “The effect of different types of insoles or shoe modifications on medial loading of the knee in persons with medial knee osteoarthritis: a randomized trial,” Journal of Orthopaedic Research, vol. 33, no. 11, pp. 1646–1654, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. S. Goske, A. Erdemir, M. Petre, S. Budhabhatti, and P. R. Cavanagh, “Reduction of plantar heel pressures: insole design using finite element analysis,” Journal of Biomechanics, vol. 39, no. 13, pp. 2363–2370, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. C. Lee, “The effects of lower extremity angle according to heel-height changes in young ladies in their 20s during gait,” Journal of Physical Therapy Science, vol. 26, no. 7, pp. 1055–1058, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. D. Oeffinger, B. Brauch, S. Cranfill et al., “Comparison of gait with and without shoes in children,” Gait & Posture, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 95–100, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. R. Valentini, B. Martinelli, S. Mezzarobba, A. De Michiel, and M. Toffano, “Optokinetic analysis of gait cycle during walking with 1 cm- and 2 cm-high heel lifts,” The Foot, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 44–49, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. R. F. Moyer, T. B. Birmingham, B. M. Chesworth, C. O. Kean, and J. R. Giffin, “Alignment, body mass and their interaction on dynamic knee joint load in patients with knee osteoarthritis,” Osteoarthritis and Cartilage, vol. 18, no. 7, pp. 888–893, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. J. C. Erhart and A. Mundermann, “Predicting changes in knee adduction moment due to load-altering interventions from pressure distribution at the foot in healthy subjects,” Journal of Biomechanics, vol. 41, no. 14, pp. 2989–2994, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. Y. Toda, A. Kato, and N. Tsukimura, “Dynamic effect of an elastically strapped lateral wedged insole on the subtalar joint convenient foot print analysis using facsimile paper,” Modern Rheumatology, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 215–219, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  20. M. G. Bowden, C. K. Balasubramanian, R. R. Neptune, and S. A. Kautz, “Anterior-posterior ground reaction forces as a measure of paretic leg contribution in hemiparetic walking,” Stroke, vol. 37, no. 37, pp. 872–876, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. L. J. Turns, R. R. Neptune, and S. A. Kautz, “Relationships between muscle activity and anteroposterior ground reaction forces in hemiparetic walking,” Archives of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, vol. 88, no. 9, pp. 1127–1135, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. X. Zhang, M. R. Paquette, and S. Zhang, “A comparison of gait biomechanics of flip-flops, sandals, barefoot and shoes,” Journal of Foot and Ankle Research, vol. 6, no. 1, p. 45, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. “Better shoes help you walk away from a common cause of heel pain. Recovering from a flare-up of plantar fasciitis can take time and determination. Start with your shoes,” Harvard Men’s Health Watch, vol. 18, no. 9, p. 4, 2014.
  24. S. C. Wearing, S. L. Hooper, P. Dubois, J. E. Smeathers, and A. Dietze, “Force-deformation properties of the human heel pad during barefoot walking,” Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, vol. 46, no. 8, pp. 1588–1594, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. M. J. Salzler, E. M. Bluman, S. Noonan, C. P. Chiodo, and R. J. de Asla, “Injuries observed in minimalist runners,” Foot & Ankle International, vol. 33, no. 4, pp. 262–266, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. M. Ryan, M. Elashi, R. Newsham-West, and J. Taunton, “Examining injury risk and pain perception in runners using minimalist footwear,” British Journal of Sports Medicine, vol. 48, no. 16, pp. 1257–1262, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. S. A. Bergstra, B. Kluitenberg, R. Dekker et al., “Running with a minimalist shoe increases plantar pressure in the forefoot region of healthy female runners,” Journal of Science & Medicine in Sport, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 463–468, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. J. T. Fuller, J. D. Buckley, M. D. Tsiros, N. A. Brown, and D. Thewlis, “Redistribution of mechanical work at the knee and ankle joints during fast running in minimalist shoes,” Journal of Athletic Training, vol. 51, no. 19, pp. 806–812, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. J. T. Fuller, D. Thewlis, J. D. Buckley, N. A. Brown, J. Hamill, and M. D. Tsiros, “Body mass and weekly training distance influence the pain and injuries experienced by runners using minimalist shoes: A randomized controlled trial,” American Journal of Sports Medicine, vol. 45, no. 5, pp. 1162–1170, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  30. M. G. Barcellona, L. Buckley, L. J. M. Palmer et al., “The effect of minimalist footwear and instruction on running: an observational study,” BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine, vol. 3, no. 1, article e000160, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  31. D. L. Goss, M. Lewek, B. Yu, W. B. Ware, D. S. Teyhen, and M. T. Gross, “Lower extremity biomechanics and self-reported soot strike patterns among runners in traditional and minimalist shoes,” Journal of Athletic Training, vol. 50, no. 6, pp. 603–611, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. J. P. Warne, B. P. Smyth, J. O. Fagan et al., “Kinetic changes during a six-week minimal footwear and gait training intervention in runners,” Journal of Sports Sciences, vol. 35, no. 15, pp. 1538–1546, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. C. H. Chen, K. H. Tu, C. Liu, and T. Y. Shiang, “Effects of forefoot bending elasticity of running shoes on gait and running performance,” Human Movement Science, vol. 38, pp. 163–172, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. S. Sobhani, S. Bredeweg, R. Dekker et al., “Rocker shoe, minimalist shoe, and standard running shoe: a comparison of running economy,” Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 312–316, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus