Table 1: Commercially available remote catheter navigation systems.

System (company)TechnologyIntended useFeaturesMain limitations

Niobe (Stereotaxis)MagneticRF ablationUse of dedicated large magnets;
remote navigation of a dedicated magnetic catheter with a soft tip
Need for a specially designed catheter and a room dedicated to the magnets; encumbrance and complexity of the overall system set-up

Sensei/Magellan (Hansen Medical)ElectromechanicalRF ablation/vascular proceduresUse of dedicated steerable sheaths for remote catheter controlNeed for a dedicated custom-designed sheath; risk of mechanical complications due to the rigidity of the sheath

Amigo (Catheter Precision)ElectromechanicalRF ablationRemote manipulation of standard tip steerable EP catheters;
remote controller that mimics the handle of standard EP catheters
Encumbrance of the system

CorPath (Corindus)ElectromechanicalPercutaneous coronary interventionsRemote manipulation of standard guidewires and balloon/stent cathetersNeed for a dedicated single-use cassette to maneuver the catheters