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Applied Bionics and Biomechanics
Volume 2017, Article ID 9124545, 5 pages
Research Article

Efficacy of Palatal Applications on Fracture Resistance of Reattached Maxillary Central Incisors: An In Vitro Study

1Department of Restorative Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey
2Department of Endodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Baskent University, Ankara, Turkey
3Department of Prosthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey
4Department of Endodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey

Correspondence should be addressed to İhsan Yikilgan; rt.ude.izag@naglikiynashi

Received 30 October 2017; Accepted 4 December 2017; Published 26 December 2017

Academic Editor: Jan Harm Koolstra

Copyright © 2017 İhsan Yikilgan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of different palatal applications on fracture strength of the fractured anterior tooth. Sixty caries-free human maxillary incisors were used. Endodontic treatments of the teeth were performed. Then, the teeth were divided randomly into five groups (). Crowns of all teeth in groups A–D were cut with diamond discs at a fixed distance of 3 mm from the incisal margin in a plane normal to the buccal surface. In all groups, coronal fragments were reattached to the remaining teeth by bonding with hybrid composite resin. After then, the teeth were restored to the following; group A, bonding and palatal laminate; group B, bonding and creation of a vertical groove; group C, bonding and creation of two slot grooves; group D, bonding only; and group E, intact tooth. It was lesser in group B than in groups C and E ( and , resp.) and lesser in group D than in groups A, C, and E (, , and , resp.). Within the limitations of this in vitro study, it can be concluded that methods employing palatinal laminate and small grooves are clinically feasible for the reattachment of tooth fragments to incisors.