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Applied Bionics and Biomechanics
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 9701762, 10 pages
Research Article

Additive Manufacturing Techniques for the Reconstruction of 3D Fetal Faces

1Department of Civil and Mechanical Engineering, University of Cassino and Southern Lazio, Cassino, Italy
2Department of Prenatal Diagnosis, ALTAMEDICA, Fetal Maternal Medical Centre, Rome, Italy
3Polytechnic Department of Engineering and Architecture, University of Udine, Udine, Italy
4Department of Management and Production Engineering, Polytechnic of Turin, Turin, Italy
5Department of Electric, Electronics and Computer Engineering, University of Catania, Catania, Italy
6Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy

Correspondence should be addressed to Domenico Speranza

Received 11 July 2017; Revised 1 November 2017; Accepted 26 November 2017; Published 19 December 2017

Academic Editor: Eugenio Guglielmelli

Copyright © 2017 Domenico Speranza et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This paper deals with additive manufacturing techniques for the creation of 3D fetal face models starting from routine 3D ultrasound data. In particular, two distinct themes are addressed. First, a method for processing and building 3D models based on the use of medical image processing techniques is proposed. Second, the preliminary results of a questionnaire distributed to future parents consider the use of these reconstructions both from an emotional and an affective point of view. In particular, the study focuses on the enhancement of the perception of maternity or paternity and the improvement in the relationship between parents and physicians in case of fetal malformations, in particular facial or cleft lip diseases.