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Applied Bionics and Biomechanics
Volume 2018, Article ID 2014307, 10 pages
Research Article

Research on Biomimetic Models and Nanomechanical Behaviour of Membranous Wings of Chinese Bee Apis cerana cerana Fabricius

1The College of Mechanical and Power Engineering, Henan Polytechnic University, Jiaozuo 454000, China
2The Key Laboratory of Bionic Engineering, Ministry of Education and the College of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, Jilin University, Nanling Campus, Changchun 130022, China
3United Automotive Electronic Systems Co. Ltd., Shanghai 200051, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Yanru Zhao; moc.361@oahzurnay

Received 10 August 2017; Revised 30 October 2017; Accepted 5 December 2017; Published 19 February 2018

Academic Editor: Nadine Martinez

Copyright © 2018 Yanru Zhao et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The structures combining the veins and membranes of membranous wings of the Chinese bee Apis cerana cerana Fabricius into a whole have excellent load-resisting capacity. The membranous wings of Chinese bees were taken as research objects and the mechanical properties of a biomimetic model of membranous wings as targets. In order to understand and learn from the biosystem and then make technical innovation, the membranous wings of Chinese bees were simulated and analysed with reverse engineering and finite element method. The deformations and stress states of the finite element model of membranous wings were researched under the concentrated force, uniform load, and torque. It was found that the whole model deforms evenly and there are no unusual deformations arising. The displacements and deformations are small and transform uniformly. It was indicated that the veins and membranes combine well into a whole to transmit loads effectively, which illustrates the membranous wings of Chinese bees having excellent integral mechanical behaviour and structure stiffness. The realization of structure models of the membranous wings of Chinese bees and analysis of the relativity of structures and performances or functions will provide an inspiration for designing biomimetic thin-film materials with superior load-bearing capacity.