Applied Bionics and Biomechanics / 2018 / Article / Tab 4

Research Article

Upper Limb Neuromuscular Activities and Synergies Comparison between Elite and Nonelite Athletics in Badminton Overhead Forehand Smash

Table 4

Mean value of scalar product of muscles and synergies for elite and non-elite athletics.

Scalar product ± SD

MuscleSupraspinatus0.52 ± 0.02
Biceps brachii0.78 ± 0.01
Infraspinatus0.70 ± 0.03
Middle deltoid0.90 ± 0.01
Serratus anterior0.82 ± 0.02

SynergySynergy 10.85 ± 0.03
Synergy 20.89 ± 0.01
Synergy 30.87 ± 0.02

We are committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly and safely as possible. Any author submitting a COVID-19 paper should notify us at to ensure their research is fast-tracked and made available on a preprint server as soon as possible. We will be providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted articles related to COVID-19. Sign up here as a reviewer to help fast-track new submissions.