Applied Bionics and Biomechanics / 2018 / Article / Fig 3

Research Article

A Study of the Effect of the Front-End Styling of Sport Utility Vehicles on Pedestrian Head Injuries

Figure 3

Simplified FE model of a typical SUV model and the relevant constraint settings.
(a) Side view
(b) Axonometric view
(c) Fully constrained
(d) Unconstrained x-axis translation
(e) Unconstrained z-axis translation
(f) Constrained z-axis translation and rotation