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Applied Bionics and Biomechanics
Volume 2018, Article ID 8916928, 8 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/8916928
Research Article

Evaluation of Different Restoration Combinations Used in the Reattachment of Fractured Teeth: A Finite Element Analysis

1Department of Endodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Baskent University, Ankara, Turkey
2Department of Endodontics, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey
3Department of Restorative Dentistry, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey

Correspondence should be addressed to Nagihan Guven; rt.ude.tneksab@nevugnahigan

Received 6 December 2017; Accepted 28 January 2018; Published 15 March 2018

Academic Editor: Jan Harm Koolstra

Copyright © 2018 Nagihan Guven et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. The purpose of this study was to test different restoration combinations used for constructing fractured endodontically treated incisors by reattaching their fractured fragments. Methods. Seven types of 3-D FEM mathematical root canal-filled models were generated, simulating cases of (OB) reattaching fractured fragments; (CrPL) reattaching fractured fragments + ceramic palatinal laminate; (CmPL) reattaching fractured fragments + composite palatinal laminate; (CM) reattaching fractured fragments + coronal 1/3 of the root was filled using core material; (BP) reattaching fractured fragments + glass fiber post; (CP) composite resin restoration + glass fiber post; and (OC) composite resin restoration. A 100-N static oblique force was applied to the simulated teeth with 135° on the node at 2 mm above the cingulum to analyze the stress distribution at the tooth. Results. For enamel tissue, the highest stress values were observed in model BP, and the lowest stress values were observed in model CmPL. For dentine tissue, the highest stress concentrations were observed around the fracture line for all models. Conclusions. Reattachment of fractured fragments by bonding may be preferred as a restoration option for endodontically treated incisors; also, palatinal laminate decreases the stress values at tooth tissues, especially at the enamel and the fracture line.