Applied Bionics and Biomechanics / 2018 / Article / Fig 6

Research Article

Design of a Conceptual Bumper Energy Absorber Coupling Pedestrian Safety and Low-Speed Impact Requirements

Figure 6

Comparison of evaluation index values regarding pedestrian safety and low-speed impact.
(a) Deformation modes
(b) Tibial acceleration
(c) Knee bending angle
(d) Knee shear displacement
(e) Bumper deformation
(f) Collider intrusion