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Advances in Civil Engineering
Volume 2010 (2010), Article ID 810402, 18 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2010/810402
Research Article

Latis: A Spatial Decision Support System to Assess Low-Impact Site Development Strategies

1Department of Landscape Architecture, C117 Landscape Architecture Building, Mississippi State, MS 39762, USA
2Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, 222 Walker Hall, Mississippi State, MS 39762, USA
3Pickering Firm Inc., 460 Briarwood Dr., Suite 515, Jackson, MS 601/956-3663, USA
4Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Mississippi State, MS 39762, USA

Received 8 July 2009; Accepted 10 February 2010

Academic Editor: Kirk Hatfield

Copyright © 2010 G. Wayne Wilkerson et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Significant advances have been made in the use of spatial and hydrologic models to quantify the impact of Best Management Practices (BMPs) and Low-Impact Development (LID) practices on water quality. Further advances are the goal of this work to add selection of BMP/LID and calculation of implementation costs, all integrated into a spatial decision support system (DSS). The Hydrologic Simulation Program in FORTRAN (HSPF), an unsteady flow model, was combined with links to desktop spatial data analysis tools, a spreadsheet listing BMP/LID and their implementation, operation, and maintenance cost data. Testing of the DSS, named Latis, allowed improvements in direct design of BMP, and a survey of landscape and engineering practitioners provided the impetus for a simplified version, Latis-LIDIA.