Design and Research of Intelligent Safety Monitoring Robot for Coal Mine Shaft ConstructionRead the full article
Advances in Civil Engineering publishes original research articles as well as review articles in all areas of civil engineering. The journal welcomes submissions across a range of disciplines, and publishes both theoretical and practical studies.
Chief Editor, Professor Vipulanandan, is based at the University of Houston and his current research interests are in geotechnical, materials and geoenvironmental engineering.
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Experimental Study on Axial Compression of an Insulating Layer through a Composite Shear Wall
Based on the research of composite walls at home and abroad, a construction method of continuous opening of the insulation layer in the specimen is proposed. In the edge component of the composite wall, the insulation layer should be thinned appropriately, the concrete on both sides should be thickened correspondingly, and U-shaped reinforcement should be used instead of stirrup. To study its axial compression test performance, five 1/2 scale composite shear wall specimens are tested under axial compression, including three composite wall specimens and two solid wall contrast specimens. The failure mode, load-bearing performance, deformation performance, and the collaborative work performance of wall are analyzed. The results show that the failure characteristics of the composite shear wall are similar to those of the solid wall, with splitting cracks at the corners and inverted triangular conical splitting at the top of the wall along the wall height direction, with no obvious bulging in the middle of the wall. The tie action of the ribs makes the concrete walls on both sides of the composite shear wall have good integrity and cooperative performance; the installation of the thermal insulation layer increases the overall thickness of the wall, improves the stability of the composite wall, and makes the composite wall axially compressed. The bearing capacity is not significantly reduced compared to the solid walls. Finally, according to the test results, the calculation formula of axial compression bearing capacity of composite shear wall is given, which provides the basis for the formulation of the code and engineering application.
Experimental Analysis of Bending Stiffness Characteristics of Grouted Double Mortise-Tenon Joint for Prefabricated Metro Station Structure
The grouted mortise-tenon joint, invented as the connection between the large prefabricated components, is the key to the prefabricated underground structures, and the double-tenon joint is most widely used in the prefabricated metro station structure. This paper conducts characteristic analysis of bending stiffness with a 1 : 1 prototype test in key working direction of different joint types for grouted double mortise-tenon joint. The results show that the double-tenon joint is characteristic of variable stiffness under different loads. Change laws of double-tenon joint bending stiffness without and with auxiliary pretightening device in tension side and compression side are also discussed. The correlations for calculating double-tenon joint bending stiffness with various axial loads and bending moments are derived at last, which offers the theory foreshadowing of similar joints.
Mechanical Behavior of Buried Pipelines Subjected to Faults
The length of buried pipelines usually extends thousands of meters or more in engineering, and it is difficult to carry out full-scale tests in the laboratory. Therefore, considering the seriousness of pipeline damage and the difficulty of operating tests and other test limitations, it is necessary to develop a reasonable method to simplify the length of the model for a practical lab test. In this research, an equivalent spring model was established to simulate the small deformation section of the pipeline far away from the fault and the effect of fault displacements, pipeline diameters, wall thicknesses, buried depths, soil materials, and spring constraints on the mechanical properties of pipelines was analyzed. Based on the finite element model using ABAQUS software, the results of the shell model with fixed boundary at both ends were compared; in addition, the dynamic effect of pipelines was investigated. The results show that the two-end spring device can better control the size of the test model and enhance the reliability of the test results. The vibration response of the pipeline mainly depends on the inconsistent movement of soil at both ends of the fault. The analysis results show that choosing a larger pipeline diameter, smaller buried depth, noncohesive backfill soil, and spring with a smaller elastic coefficient is beneficial to reduce pipeline strain and resist pipeline deformation. A simplified formula of the axial compressive strain of buried pipelines across oblique-slip fault is obtained.
Research on Tunnel Surrounding Rock Failure and Energy Dissipation Based on Cyclic Impact and Shear Loading
Aiming at the cyclic impact deformation and failure of tunnel surrounding rock under shear stress, a self-developed rotation-impact simulation test platform was used to determine the number of failures, stress-strain curves, and energy in the process of cyclic impact failure. The failure process of rock under different impact velocities and shear stresses has been systematically studied. Results show that, under the same impact speed, the shear stress will increase with the increase in the rotation speed, but an upper limit will exist. When the rotation speed reaches this upper limit, the shear stress will no longer increase. The presence of shear stress will reduce the number of impacts required for rock failure. When the impact speed is 7.2 m/s, the number of impacts at the maximum rotation speed is 60% of the static state. When the impact velocity is 16.8 m/s, this value is only 33.3%. At the same impact velocity, the stress-strain curves under different rotation speeds do not change significantly, but with the increase in the rotation speed, the slope of the elastic stage of the stress-strain curve gradually decreases, and the corresponding stress of the rock sample decreases when the maximum strain is reached. With the increase in shear stress, the crushing specific energy required for rock failure gradually decreases. The greater the impact velocity, the more obvious the impact of shear stress on energy dissipation. In the tunnel process, when the surrounding rock is subjected to impact loads from different directions, only the axial strain analysis will have certain safety hazards, and timely support and reinforcement work are required.
Experimental Study and Effective Width Method for Cold-Formed Steel Lipped Channel Stud Columns with Holes
The objective of this paper is to investigate the buckling behavior and to present the design method of the ultimate strength in the basic effective width method (EWM) for cold-formed steel (CFS) lipped channel stud columns with holes in the web. 28 column tests were conducted under axial compression on the CFS lipped channel stud columns with circular and rectangular holes in different dimensions of cross sections and holes. The tested stud columns included 4 members without holes, 12 members with circular holes, and 12 members with rectangular holes. The test results showed that the stud columns with holes were governed by local buckling or the interaction of local buckling and distortional buckling. Compared with the stud columns without holes, the small hole had a slight influence on the ultimate strength of the tested specimens, and the large hole had a great effect on the ultimate strength of the tested specimens. The load capacities of the specimens decreased with the increase of the dimension of holes. Then, the finite element analysis was carried out to simulate the tested stud columns. The finite element analysis results showed good agreement with the experimental results about buckling modes and ultimate strengths, which indicated that it is feasible to analyze this kind of stud columns with holes by using the finite element method (FEM). Finally, the proposed effective width method was used to predict the ultimate strengths of stud columns with holes based on the proposed buckling coefficient formulas of the plate with holes. The comparison between calculated results and test and finite element results indicated that the proposed EWM is feasible and accurate to predict the ultimate strength of the CFS lipped channel stud columns with holes in the web.
Minimizing the Impacts of Desertification in an Arid Region: A Case Study of the West Desert of Iraq
Currently, desertification is a major problem in the western desert of Iraq. The harsh nature, remoteness, and size of the desert make it difficult and expensive to monitor and mitigate desertification. Therefore, this study proposed a comprehensive and cost-effective method, via the integration of geographic information systems (GISs) and remote sensing (RS) techniques to estimate the potential risk of desertification, to identify the most vulnerable areas and determine the most appropriate sites for rainwater conservation. Two indices, namely, the Normalized Differential Vegetation Index (NDVI) and Land Degradation Index (LDI), were used for a cadastral assessment of land degradation. The findings of the combined rainwater harvesting appropriateness map, and the maps of NDVI and LDI changes found that 65% of highly suitable land for rainwater harvesting lies in the large change and 35% lies in the small change of NDVI, and 85% of highly suitable land lies in areas with a moderate change and 12% lies in strong change of LDI. The adoption of the weighted linear combination (WLC) and Boolean methods within the GIS environment, and the analysis of NDVI with LDI changes can allow hydrologists, decision-makers, and planners to quickly determine and minimize the risk of desertification and to prioritize the determination of suitable sites for rainwater harvesting.