Estimating the Uplift Bearing Capacity of Belled Piers Adjacent to Sloping Ground by Numerical Modeling Based on Field TestsRead the full article
Advances in Civil Engineering publishes original research articles as well as review articles in all areas of civil engineering. The journal welcomes submissions across a range of disciplines, and publishes both theoretical and practical studies.
Chief Editor, Professor Vipulanandan, is based at the University of Houston and his current research interests are in geotechnical, materials and geoenvironmental engineering.
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Research on the Reinforcement Mechanism and Safety Monitoring of Heavy-Duty Concrete-Encased CFST Columns
With the reinforcement project of a heavy-duty concrete-encased concrete-filled steel tube (CFST) column as the background, the mechanism of column reinforcement with supporting beams is proposed. The key mechanisms include the following: (1) designing the upper and lower corbel-shaped temporary support columns, (2) crack repairing the inner steel pipe using patch-shaped steel plates, and (3) replacing microwound concrete inside the steel pipe, which are all innovative and effective methods. Moreover, a system is developed for monitoring the safety during the reinforcement process and recovering the bearing capacity of the concrete-encased CFST column. The monitoring results indicate that the load conversion process of the temporary support columns lasts for 50 days, that the sum of the axial forces of the four supporting columns is 7,966.0 kN, accounting for 65% of the standard load, and that during the whole process, the structural components are safe and reliable. Finally, the construction simulation is in agreement with the field test results, which proves that the construction simulation developed based on the theory of slow time-dependent mechanics and the method of static nonlinear analysis is accurate.
Mechanical and Acoustic Emission Characteristics of Sandstone through Triaxial Unloading Test after Cyclic Freezing-Thawing Treatment
The dynamic failure behaviour of tunneling rock in the cold region where freezing-thawing frequently occurs is unclear. This study aimed to test and understand the damage characteristics of tunneling sandstone samples in the cold region via triaxial unloading test and acoustic emission (AE) technique. The sandstone samples were first subject to different cycles of freezing-thawing. Their stress-strain curves, deformation modulus, and the AE characteristics were then measured under triaxial unloading conditions and through the AE test. The results showed that the freezing-thawing treatment with less than 60 freezing-thawing cycles caused rather less damage compared to the triaxial unloading condition. For the samples subject to more severe freezing-thawing treatment, more cracks were produced. These cracks were not closed under small confining pressure during the triaxial test, causing weaker mechanical properties of samples. We also found that the freezing-thawing treatment had a significant deterioration on the mechanical properties of the sandstone samples when the number of freezing-thawing cycles exceeded a certain threshold (between 60 and 80 in this study). As the AE characteristics matched well with the key stages of the measured axial stress-strain curves and the deformation modulus that varied with the decreasing confining pressure, the AE characteristics can be potentially used to quantify the released energy of rock cracking and identify the critical damage phases during the tunneling engineering process.
Study on Control of Wall Deflection in Earth Stepped-Twin Retaining Wall Using Anchor Method by means of Numerical Simulation
The demand for specific earth retaining wall methods is increasing along with the advancement and overcrowding of underground space use such as the presence of adjacent structures in an urban area. To cope with this, the method named earth stepped-twin retaining wall is increasingly being applied. However, there is a concern about the workplace if the earth pressure causes a heaving and pressing phenomenon from both ends of the retaining wall in the earth stepped-twin retaining wall. Therefore, we proposed the application of an anchor method that contains the inner and outer walls by using numerical simulation. The effects of the difference in soil properties, the horizontal distance between the outer and inner walls, and the depth of the outer wall embedment on the anchor were investigated. The results of this study show that the wall deflection of the inner wall could improve by adopting the anchor support. Besides, it was found that the inner wall can be efficiently suppressed by adopting the hybrid system with anchors and struts according to the soil properties, horizontal distance, and the depth of the outer wall.
Experimental Study of Composite Members in Spatial Grid Structure Subjected to Ultralow-Cyclic Axial Force
This paper presents the results of ultralow-cycle fatigue tests for three full-scale assemblies consisting of steel tubes and bolt-sphere joints, which are widely used in public buildings. Each assembly was tested six times under a varying loading history. The ultralow-cycle fatigue performance was investigated considering the joint stiffness and loading history. The deformation patterns, hysteretic characteristics, skeleton curves, bearing-capacity degradation features, cumulative energy dissipation, and cumulative damage index of the assembly were obtained and analysed. The results show that the joint stiffness and loading system have a significant effect on the ultralow-cycle fatigue performance of the assembly. Based on these results, an equation that describes the relationship between the cumulative damage index and the bearing degradation of the assembly for an ultralow-cycle fatigue test was derived.
A Study on the Sloshing Problem of Vertical Storage Tanks under the Action of Near-Fault Earthquakes
In this study, through a vibration table test, finite element simulation, and research on the rationality of the wave-height fortification of national storage tank specifications, the sloshing response of vertical storage tanks under the action of near-fault ground motion was analyzed. The test results showed that the sloshing wave height of a vertical storage tank was larger under near-fault or long-period ground motions, and the relationship between the sloshing wave height and the peak acceleration of input ground motions was approximately linear. The numerical simulations of the model tank showed that the simulation wave height and the test wave-height data were well fitted. Therefore, it was feasible to simulate the sloshing of large vertical storage tanks using ADINA software. In addition, a large number of sloshing simulations of near-fault ground motions on 10,000 m3 vertical storage tanks were performed. The simulated wave height had a high correlation with the predominant period or pulse period of near-fault ground motions. Under the calculation with similar parameters, the wave height of the tank standard in several countries had a lower fortification of the near-fault excitation wave height. Through the root mean-square method using a small sample size, a wave-height correction under a near-fault effect was applied to the wave-height formula for the Chinese tank seismic specification. Finally, the problem of a double-damping correction was addressed by adjusting China’s GB50341 wave-height formula. This work provides a reference value for practical engineering applications.
Relationship between Corrosion of Reinforcement and Surface Cracking Width in Concrete
The durability of structure cannot be guaranteed when a corrosion expansion crack reaches the surface of the reinforced concrete member. In this paper, firstly, based on the existing theoretical model of steel corrosion degree, the calculation process of the model and the determination of the relevant parameters in the model were analyzed and discussed. Secondly, the stiffness reduction factor of concrete in the model was calculated according to the existing experimental data, and the engineering formula of the steel corrosion degree was established, which was related to the surface crack width of reinforced concrete. Moreover, the experiments of steel bar corrosion were carried out with different components of surface crack width, in which the parameters of the bar diameter, concrete protection layer thickness, and water-cement ratio were taken into consideration. The experimental phenomena and results were further analyzed and discussed. Finally, comparing with the experimental data, the engineering formula presented in the paper was validated. The results show that the calculated values by the engineering formula are in better agreement with the experimental values than those by the existing model, which provide a theoretical basis for further study on the durability limit state of the structure.