Advances in Civil Engineering / 2014 / Article / Fig 5

Research Article

Structural Damage Detection Based on Modal Parameters Using Continuous Ant Colony Optimization

Figure 5

Results of damage detection in numerical cantilever beam.
174185.fig.005a
(a) Damage detection results for single element damage (E1) case
174185.fig.005b
(b) Damage detection results for double element damage (E2) case
174185.fig.005c
(c) Damage detection results for four-element damage (E3) case

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