Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Advances in Civil Engineering
Volume 2014, Article ID 658067, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/658067
Research Article

Impact of Blending on Strength Distribution of Ambient Cured Metakaolin and Palm Oil Fuel Ash Based Geopolymer Mortar

Construction Research Centre, (UTM CRC), Faculty of Civil Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 Skudai, Johor Bahru, Malaysia

Received 9 February 2014; Accepted 14 August 2014; Published 31 August 2014

Academic Editor: Manolis Papadrakakis

Copyright © 2014 Taliat Ola Yusuf et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. S. M. Vrech and G. Etse, “Gradient and fracture energy-based plasticity theory for quasi-brittle materials like concrete,” Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, vol. 199, no. 1–4, pp. 136–147, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at MathSciNet · View at Scopus
  2. J. H. Andreasen, “Reliability-based design of ceramics,” Materials & Design, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 3–13, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  3. A. Carpinteri, J. Xu, G. Lacidogna, and A. Manuello, “Reliable onset time determination and source location of acoustic emissions in concrete structures,” Cement and Concrete Composites, vol. 34, no. 4, pp. 529–537, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. M. H. A. Beygi, M. T. Kazemi, I. M. Nikbin, and J. V. Amiri, “The effect of water to cement ratio on fracture parameters and brittleness of self-compacting concrete,” Materials & Design, vol. 50, pp. 267–276, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. M. Elgueta, G. Díaz, S. Zamorano, and P. Kittl, “On the use of the Weibull and the normal cumulative probability models in structural design,” Materials and Design, vol. 28, no. 9, pp. 2496–2499, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. B. Basu, D. Tiwari, D. Kundu, and R. Prasad, “Is Weibull distribution the most appropriate statistical strength distribution for brittle materials?” Ceramics International, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 237–246, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. R. Danzer, P. Supancic, J. Pascual, and T. Lube, “Fracture statistics of ceramics—weibull statistics and deviations from Weibull statistics,” Engineering Fracture Mechanics, vol. 74, no. 18, pp. 2919–2932, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. P. J. Tumidajski, L. Fiore, T. Khodabocus, M. Lachemi, and R. Pari, “Comparison of Weibull and normal distributions for concrete compressive strengths,” Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering, vol. 33, no. 10, pp. 1287–1292, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. J. B. Quinn and G. D. Quinn, “A practical and systematic review of Weibull statistics for reporting strengths of dental materials,” Dental Materials, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 135–147, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. B. Stawarczyk, M. Özcan, A. Trottmann, C. H. F. Hämmerle, and M. Roos, “Evaluation of flexural strength of hipped and presintered zirconia using different estimation methods of Weibull statistics,” Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, vol. 10, pp. 227–234, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. T.-F. Wong, R. H. C. Wong, K. T. Chau, and C. A. Tang, “Microcrack statistics, Weibull distribution and micromechanical modeling of compressive failure in rock,” Mechanics of Materials, vol. 38, no. 7, pp. 664–681, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. ASTMC1239-07, Standard Practice for Reporting Uniaxial Strength Data and Estimating Weibull Distrbution Parameters for Advanced Ceramics, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, Pa, USA, 2007.
  13. M. Diamaruya, H. Kobayashi, and T. Nonaka, “Impact tensile strength and fracture of concrete,” Journal de Physique IV France, vol. 7, pp. C3-253–C3-258, 1997. View at Google Scholar
  14. X. Chen, S. Wu, and J. Zhou, “Analysis of mechanical properties of concrete cores using statistical approach,” Magazine of Concrete Research, vol. 65, no. 24, pp. 1463–1471, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  15. P. K. Sarker, R. Haque, and K. V. Ramgolam, “Fracture behaviour of heat cured fly ash based geopolymer concrete,” Materials and Design, vol. 44, pp. 580–586, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. Z. Pan, J. G. Sanjayan, and B. V. Rangan, “Fracture properties of geopolymer paste and concrete,” Magazine of Concrete Research, vol. 63, no. 10, pp. 763–771, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. Y. J. Zhang, S. Li, Y. C. Wang, and D. L. Xu, “Microstructural and strength evolutions of geopolymer composite reinforced by resin exposed to elevated temperature,” Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, vol. 358, no. 3, pp. 620–624, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. G. Habert, J. B. D'Espinose De Lacaillerie, and N. Roussel, “An environmental evaluation of geopolymer based concrete production: Reviewing current research trends,” Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 19, no. 11, pp. 1229–1238, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. C. Kuenzel, L. J. Vandeperre, S. Donatello, A. R. Boccaccini, and C. Cheeseman, “Ambient temperature drying shrinkage and cracking in metakaolin-based geopolymers,” Journal of the American Ceramic Society, vol. 95, no. 10, pp. 3270–3277, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. J. L. Bell and W. M. Kriven, “Preparation of ceramic foams from metakaolin-based geopolymer gels,” in Developments in Strategic Materials: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, Volume 29, Issue 10, pp. 96–111, John Wiley & Sons, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  21. D. L. Y. Kong, J. G. Sanjayan, and K. Sagoe-Crentsil, “Comparative performance of geopolymers made with metakaolin and fly ash after exposure to elevated temperatures,” Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 37, no. 12, pp. 1583–1589, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. K. Trustrum and A. D. S. Jayatilaka, “On estimating the Weibull modulus for a brittle material,” Journal of Materials Science, vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 1080–1084, 1979. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. X. X. He and Z. H. Xie, “Experimental study on statistical parameters of concrete strength based on weibull probability distribution,” Key Engineering Materials, vol. 477, pp. 224–232, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. J. He, “Sytheses and characterization of geopolymers for infrastructural applications,” in Civil and Environmental Engineering, p. 115, Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  25. J. He, J. Zhang, Y. Yu, and G. Zhang, “The strength and microstructure of two geopolymers derived from metakaolin and red mud-fly ash admixture: a comparative study,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 30, pp. 80–91, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. R. Gettu, Z. P. Bazant, and M. E. Karr, “Fracture properties and brittleness of high-strength concrete,” ACI Materials Journal, vol. 87, no. 6, pp. 608–618, 1990. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. P. Duxson, J. L. Provis, G. C. Lukey, S. W. Mallicoat, W. M. Kriven, and J. S. J. van Deventer, “Understanding the relationship between geopolymer composition, microstructure and mechanical properties,” Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, vol. 269, no. 1–3, pp. 47–58, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. A. Hawa, D. Tonnayopas, and W. Prachasaree, “Performance evaluation and microstructure characterization of metakaolin-based geopolymer containing oil palm ash,” The ScientificWorld Journal, vol. 2013, Article ID 857586, 9 pages, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  29. R. R. Lloyd, “Accelerated ageing of geopolymers,” in Geopolymers, Structure, Processing, Properties and Industrial Applications, J. L. Provis and J. S. J. van Derventer, Eds., pp. 139–166, Woodhead Publishing, 2009. View at Google Scholar