Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Advances in Civil Engineering
Volume 2016, Article ID 9798456, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/9798456
Research Article

Plasticity, Swell-Shrink, and Microstructure of Phosphogypsum Admixed Lime Stabilized Expansive Soil

Tagore Engineering College, Rathinamangalam, Melakottaiyur, Chennai 600 127, India

Received 26 November 2015; Revised 17 June 2016; Accepted 19 June 2016

Academic Editor: Ghassan Chehab

Copyright © 2016 Jijo James and P. Kasinatha Pandian. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. I. Yilmaz and B. Civelekoglu, “Gypsum: an additive for stabilization of swelling clay soils,” Applied Clay Science, vol. 44, no. 1-2, pp. 166–172, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. A. K. Sabat, “Stabilization of expansive soil using waste ceramic dust,” Electronic Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, vol. 17, pp. 3915–3926, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  3. Z. Nalbantoğlu, “Effectiveness of class C fly ash as an expansive soil stabilizer,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 18, no. 6, pp. 377–381, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. M. M. AI-Sharif and M. F. Attom, “A geoenvironmental application of burned wastewater sludge ash in soil stabilization,” Environmental Earth Sciences, vol. 71, no. 5, pp. 2453–2463, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. S. A. Naeini, B. Naderinia, and E. Izadi, “Unconfined compressive strength of clayey soils stabilized with waterborne polymer,” KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering, vol. 16, no. 6, pp. 943–949, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. T. Thyagaraj, S. M. Rao, P. Sai Suresh, and U. Salini, “Laboratory studies on stabilization of an expansive soil by lime precipitation technique,” Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, vol. 24, no. 8, pp. 1067–1075, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. J. James and P. K. Pandian, “Soil stabilization as an avenue for reuse of solid wastes: a review,” Acta Technica Napocensis: Civil Engineering & Architecture, vol. 58, no. 1, pp. 50–76, 2015. View at Google Scholar
  8. N. K. Sharma, S. K. Swain, and U. C. Sahoo, “Stabilization of a clayey soil with fly ash and lime: a micro level investigation,” Geotechnical and Geological Engineering, vol. 30, no. 5, pp. 1197–1205, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. A. Kavak, G. Bilgen, and O. F. Capar, “Using ground granulated blast furnace slag with seawater as soil additives in lime-clay stabilization,” Journal of ASTM International, vol. 8, no. 7, pp. 1–12, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. J. B. Oza and P. J. Gundaliya, “Study of black cotton soil characteristics with cement waste dust and lime,” Procedia Engineering, vol. 51, pp. 110–118, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  11. A. J. Choobbasti, H. Ghodrat, M. J. Vahdatirad et al., “Influence of using rice husk ash in soil stabilization method with lime,” Frontiers of Earth Science in China, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 471–480, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. R. Z. Moayed, E. Izadi, and S. Heidari, “Stabilization of saline silty sand using lime and micro silica,” Journal of Central South University, vol. 19, no. 10, pp. 3006–3011, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. J. James, S. V. Lakshmi, P. K. Pandian, and S. Aravindan, “Effect of lime on the index properties of rice husk ash stabilized soil,” International Journal of Applied Engineering Research, vol. 9, no. 18, pp. 4263–4272, 2014. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. J. James and P. K. Pandian, “Industrial wastes as auxiliary additives to cement/lime stabilization of soils,” Advances in Civil Engineering, vol. 2016, Article ID 1267391, 17 pages, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  15. N. Degirmenci, A. Okucu, and A. Turabi, “Application of phosphogypsum in soil stabilization,” Building and Environment, vol. 42, no. 9, pp. 3393–3398, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. N. Degirmenci, “The using of waste phosphogypsum and natural gypsum in adobe stabilization,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 22, no. 6, pp. 1220–1224, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. J. James, S. V. Lakshmi, and P. K. Pandian, “Strength and index properties of phosphogypsum stabilized expansive soil,” International Journal of Applied Environmental Sciences, vol. 9, no. 5, pp. 2721–2731, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  18. A. Ghosh, “Compaction characteristics and bearing ratio of pond ash stabilized with lime and phosphogypsum,” Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 343–351, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. S. Kumar, R. K. Dutta, and B. Mohanty, “Engineering properties of bentonite stabilized with lime and phosphogypsum,” Slovak Journal of Civil Engineering, vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 35–44, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  20. BIS, IS 2720 Methods of Test for Soils: Part 5 Determination of Liquid and Plastic Limit, India, 1985.
  21. BIS, IS 2720 Methods of Test for Soils: Part 6 Determination of Shrinkage Factors, India, 1972.
  22. BIS, IS 2720 Methods of Test for Soils: Part 3 Determination of Specific Gravity/Section 1 Fine Grained Soils, India, 1980.
  23. BIS, IS 2720 Methods of Test for Soils: Part 4 Grain Size Analysis, India, 1985.
  24. BIS, IS 2720 Methods of Test for Soils: Part 7 Determination of Water Content-Dry Density Relation Using Light Compaction, India, 1980.
  25. BIS, IS 2720 Methods of Test for Soils: Part 10—Determination of Unconfined Compressive Strength, India, 1991.
  26. BIS, IS 2720 Methods of Test for Soils: Part 26 Determination of pH, India, 1987.
  27. J. James and P. K. Pandian, “Performance study on soil stabilisation using natural materials,” International Journal of Earth Sciences and Engineering, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 194–203, 2013. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. H. Tayibi, M. Choura, F. A. López, F. J. Alguacil, and A. López-Delgado, “Environmental impact and management of phosphogypsum,” Journal of Environmental Management, vol. 90, no. 8, pp. 2377–2386, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. L. Ã. Reijnders, “Cleaner phosphogypsum, coal combustion ashes and waste incineration ashes for application in building materials: a review,” Building and Environment, vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 1036–1042, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. Central Pollution Control Board, Guidelines for Management and Handling of Phosphogypsum Generated from Phosphoric Acid Plants (Final Draft), Central Pollution Control Board, New Delhi, India, 2012.
  31. N. Degirmenci, “Utilization of phosphogypsum as raw and calcined material in manufacturing of building products,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 22, no. 8, pp. 1857–1862, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. BIS, IS 2720 Methods of Test for Soils: Part 1 Preparation of Dry Soil Sample for Various Tests, India, 1983.
  33. J. L. Eades and R. E. Grim, “A quick test to determine lime requirements for lime stabilization,” Highway Research Record, vol. 139, pp. 61–72, 1966. View at Google Scholar
  34. ASTM, D6276 Standard Test Method for Using pH to Estimate the Soil-Lime Proportion Requirement, United States, 1999.
  35. P. V. Sivapullaiah, B. Katageri, and R. N. Herkal, “Enhancement of strength of soft soils with fly ash and lime,” in Proceedings of the 1st Sri Lankan Geotechnical Society International Conference on Soil and Rock Engineering, pp. 1–6, Colombo, Sri Lanka, August 2007.
  36. D. Ciancio, C. T. S. Beckett, and J. A. H. Carraro, “Optimum lime content identification for lime-stabilised rammed earth,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 53, pp. 59–65, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. M. R. Thompson, “Factors influencing the plasticity and strength of lime soil mixtures,” University of Illinois Bulletin, vol. 64, no. 100, pp. 1–20, 1967. View at Google Scholar
  38. A. Singh and B. C. Punmia, “A new laboratory compaction device and its comparison with the proctor test,” Highway Research News, vol. 17, pp. 37–41, 1965. View at Google Scholar
  39. J. James and P. K. Pandian, “Effect of phosphogypsum on strength of lime stabilized expansive soil,” Gradevinar, vol. 66, no. 12, pp. 1109–1116, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. J. James and P. Kasinatha Pandian, “Effect of micro ceramic dust on the plasticity and swell index of lime stabilized expansive soil,” International Journal of Applied Engineering Research, vol. 10, no. 42, pp. 30647–30650, 2015. View at Google Scholar
  41. P. V. Sivapullaiah and A. K. Jha, “Gypsum induced strength behaviour of fly ash-lime stabilized expansive soil,” Geotechnical and Geological Engineering, vol. 32, no. 5, pp. 1261–1273, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. P. C. Nwadiogbu and A. B. Salahdeen, “Potential of lime on modified lateritic soil using locust bean waste ash as admixture,” IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 69–73, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  43. U. Calik and E. Sadoglu, “Classification, shear strength, and durability of expansive clayey soil stabilized with lime and perlite,” Natural Hazards, vol. 71, no. 3, pp. 1289–1303, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. E. Kalkan, “Impact of wetting-drying cycles on swelling behavior of clayey soils modified by silica fume,” Applied Clay Science, vol. 52, no. 4, pp. 345–352, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. M. Ito and S. Azam, “Determination of swelling and shrinkage properties of undisturbed expansive soils,” Geotechnical and Geological Engineering, vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 413–422, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. A. Seco, F. Ramírez, L. Miqueleiz, and B. García, “Stabilization of expansive soils for use in construction,” Applied Clay Science, vol. 51, no. 3, pp. 348–352, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  47. A. K. Sabat and R. P. Nanda, “Effect of marble dust on strength and durability of Rice husk ash stabilised expansive soil,” International Journal of Civil and Structural Engineering, vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 939–948, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  48. C. O. Okagbue, “Stabilization of clay using woodash,” Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 14–18, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  49. W. Shen, M. Zhou, and Q. Zhao, “Study on lime-fly ash-phosphogypsum binder,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 1480–1485, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  50. W. Shen, M. Zhou, W. Ma, J. Hu, and Z. Cai, “Investigation on the application of steel slag-fly ash-phosphogypsum solidified material as road base material,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 164, no. 1, pp. 99–104, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  51. Y. Min, Q. Jueshi, and P. Ying, “Activation of fly ash-lime systems using calcined phosphogypsum,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 22, no. 5, pp. 1004–1008, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  52. Y. Huang and Z. Lin, “Investigation on phosphogypsum–steel slag–granulated blast-furnace slag–limestone cement,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 24, no. 7, pp. 1296–1301, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  53. G. Rajasekaran, “Sulphate attack and ettringite formation in the lime and cement stabilized marine clays,” Ocean Engineering, vol. 32, no. 8-9, pp. 1133–1159, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  54. V. R. Ouhadi and R. N. Yong, “Ettringite formation and behaviour in clayey soils,” Applied Clay Science, vol. 42, no. 1-2, pp. 258–265, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  55. E. Celik and Z. Nalbantoglu, “Effects of ground granulated blastfurnace slag (GGBS) on the swelling properties of lime-stabilized sulfate-bearing soils,” Engineering Geology, vol. 163, pp. 20–25, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  56. A. Aldaood, M. Bouasker, and M. Al-Mukhtar, “Free swell potential of lime-treated gypseous soil,” Applied Clay Science, vol. 102, pp. 93–103, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus