Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Advances in Civil Engineering
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 3040818, 9 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/3040818
Research Article

Influence of Crumb-Rubber in the Mechanical Response of Modified Portland Cement Concrete

1Department of Civil Engineering, FES Aragón, National Autonomous University of Mexico, 57130 Nezahualcoyotl, MEX, Mexico
2Department of Structural Engineering, Institute of Engineering, National Autonomous University of Mexico, Coyoacán, 04510 Mexico City, Mexico

Correspondence should be addressed to J. Retama; xm.manu.dadinumoc@vamaterj

Received 10 February 2017; Accepted 3 April 2017; Published 2 May 2017

Academic Editor: Peng Zhang

Copyright © 2017 J. Retama and A. G. Ayala. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. I. B. Topçu, “The properties of rubberized concretes,” Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 304–310, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. B. Huang, G. Li, S.-S. Pang, and J. Eggers, “Investigation into waste tire rubber-filled concrete,” Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 187–194, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. X. Shu and B. Huang, “Recycled of waste tire rubber in asphalt and portland cement concrete: an overview,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 67, pp. 217–224, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  4. N. N. Eldin and A. B. Senouci, “Use of scrap tires in road construction,” Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, vol. 118, no. 3, pp. 561–576, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. N. N. Eldin and J. A. Piekarski, “Scrap tires: management and economics,” Journal of Environmental Engineering, vol. 119, no. 6, pp. 1217–1232, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. D. H. DeGroot, “Mexico—US cross-border resolution of waste tire disposal,” in Proceedings of the Worlds Environmental and Water Resources Congress, 2007.
  7. M. K. Batayneh, I. Marie, and I. Asi, “Promoting the use of crumb rubber concrete in developing countries,” Waste Management, vol. 28, no. 11, pp. 2171–2176, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. D. Humphrey and M. Blumenthal, “The use of tire-derived aggregated in road construction applications,” in Proceedings of the Green Streets and Highways Conference, pp. 299–313, 2010.
  9. Z. K. Khatib and F. M. Bayomy, “Rubberized Portland cement concrete,” Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 206–213, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. A. M. Ghaly and J. D. Cahill IV, “Correlation of strength, rubber content, and water to cement ratio in rubberized concrete,” Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering, vol. 32, no. 6, pp. 1075–1081, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. C. G. Papakonstantinou and M. J. Tobolski, “Use of waste tire steel beads in Portland cement concrete,” Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 36, no. 9, pp. 1686–1691, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. A. R. Khaloo, M. Dehestani, and P. Rahmatabadi, “Mechanical properties of concrete containing a high volume of tire-rubber particles,” Waste Management, vol. 28, no. 12, pp. 2472–2482, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. A. Grinys, H. Sivilevičius, D. Pupeikis, and E. Ivanauskas, “Fracture of concrete containing crumb rubber,” Journal of Civil Engineering and Management, vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 447–455, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. Y. C. Guo, J. H. Zhang, G. Chen, G. M. Chen, and Z. H. Xie, “Fracture behaviors of a new steel fiber reinforced recycled aggregate concrete with crumb rubber,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 53, pp. 32–39, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. T. Sadowski and D. Pietras, “Description of degradation process of rubberized lean concrete,” Solid State Phenomena, vol. 216, pp. 67–72, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. ASTM D7313-13, “Standard test method for determining fracture energy of asphalt aggregate mixtures using the disk-shaped compact tension geometry”, American Society for Testing and Materials, 2013.
  17. S. Ribeiro, E. M. B. Santos, G. C. R. Garcia, and J. A. Rodrigues, “Elastic work and fracture energy of concretes made with crushed stones and pebbles aggregates,” Materials Science Forum, vol. 636-637, pp. 1215–1221, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. Z. P. Bazant and J. Planas, Fracture and size effect in concrete and other quasibrittle materials, CRC Press, 1997.
  19. T. L. Anderson, Fracture mechanics. fundamentals and applications, CRC Press, 2017.
  20. D. Lo Presti, “Recycled tyre rubber modified bitumens for road asphalt mixtures: a literature review,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 49, pp. 863–881, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. G. Li, M. A. Stubblefield, G. Garrick, J. Eggers, C. Abadie, and B. Huang, “Development of waste tire modified concrete,” Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 34, no. 12, pp. 2283–2289, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. M. Ortiz, Y. Leroy, and A. Needleman, “A finite element method for localized failure analysis,” Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, vol. 61, no. 2, pp. 189–214, 1987. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. T. Belytschko, J. Fish, and B. E. Engelmann, “A finite element with embedded localization zones,” Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, vol. 70, no. 1, pp. 59–89, 1988. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. J. C. Simo and M. S. Rifai, “A class of mixed assumed strain methods and the method of incompatible modes,” International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering, vol. 29, no. 8, pp. 1595–1638, 1990. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at MathSciNet · View at Scopus
  25. J. C. Simo, J. Oliver, and F. Armero, “An analysis of strong discontinuities induced by strain-softening in rate-independent inelastic solids,” Computational Mechanics, vol. 12, no. 5, pp. 277–296, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at MathSciNet · View at Scopus
  26. J. Oliver, “Modelling strong discontinuities in solid mechanics via strain softening constitutive equations. Part 1: Fundamentals,” International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering, vol. 39, no. 21, pp. 3575–3600, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. J. Retama, Formulation and approximation to problems in solids by embedded discontinuity models, National Autonomous University of Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico, 2010.
  28. J. Retama and A. G. Ayala, “Modelado del daño en sólidos mediante formulaciones variacionales y discontinuidades interiores,” Revista Internacional de Métodos Numéricos para Cálculo y Diseño en Ingeniería, vol. 26, pp. 171–177, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  29. M. Jirásek, “Comparative study on finite elements with embedded discontinuities,” Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, vol. 188, no. 1, pp. 307–330, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. M. P. Wagoner, W. G. Buttlar, and G. H. Paulino, “Disk-shaped compact tension test for asphalt concrete fracture,” Experimental Mechanics, vol. 45, no. 3, pp. 270–277, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. R. Wu, E. Denneman, and J. Harvey, “Evaluation of embedded discontinuity method for finite element analysis of cracking of hot-mix asphalt concrete,” Journal of the Transportation Research Board, vol. 2127, pp. 82–89, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. J. M. Sancho, J. Planas, D. A. Cendón, E. Reyes, and J. C. Gálvez, “An embedded crack model for finite element analysis of concrete fracture,” Engineering Fracture Mechanics, vol. 74, no. 1-2, pp. 75–86, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. S. Mazzoni, F. McKenna, F. Scott, and G. Fenves, Open System for Earthquake Engineering Simulation, User Command-Language Manual, Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research Center, University of California, Berkeley, Calif, USA, 2008.
  34. O. C. Zienkiewicz, R. L. Taylor, and J. Z. Zhu, “The finite element method. volume 1: its basis and fundamentals,” Butterworth—Heinemann, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  35. R. de Borst, M. A. Gutiérrez, G. N. Wells, J. J. C. Remmers, and H. Askes, “Cohesive-zone models, higher-order continuum theories and reliability methods for computational failure analysis,” International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering, vol. 60, no. 1, pp. 289–315, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. A. Hillerborg, M. Modéer, and P.-E. Petersson, “Analysis of crack formation and crack growth in concrete by means of fracture mechanics and finite elements,” Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 6, no. 6, pp. 773–781, 1976. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. G. I. Barenblatt, “The Mathematical Theory of Equilibrium Cracks in Brittle Fracture,” Advances in Applied Mechanics, vol. 7, no. C, pp. 55–129, 1962. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. D. S. Dugdale, “Yielding of steel sheets containing slits,” Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 100–104, 1960. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. J. Alfaiate, G. N. Wells, and L. J. Sluys, “On the use of embedded discontinuity elements with crack path continuity for mode-I and mixed-mode fracture,” Engineering Fracture Mechanics, vol. 69, no. 6, pp. 661–686, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. G. N. Wells, Discontinuous modelling of strain localization and failure [Ph.D. thesis], Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands, 2001.
  41. R. L. Taylor, FEAP: a finite element analysis program, theory manual, University of California, Berkeley, Calif, USA, 2008.
  42. ASTM C469, “Standard test method for static modulus of elasticity and Poisson’s ratio of concrete in compression,” American Society for Testing and Materials, 2014.
  43. ASTM C39, “Standard test method for compressive strength of cylindrical concrete specimens,” American Society for Testing and Materials, 2014.
  44. ASTM C496, “Standard test method for splitting tensile strength of cylindrical concrete specimens,” American Society for Testing and Materials, 2004.