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Advances in Civil Engineering
Volume 2018 (2018), Article ID 2018601, 20 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/2018601
Research Article

Urban Vulnerability Assessment Using AHP

1Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Cyprus International University, Nicosia 99258, Northern Cyprus, Mersin 10, Turkey
2Civil Engineering Department, Eastern Mediterranean University, Famagusta, Northern Cyprus, Mersin 10, Turkey

Correspondence should be addressed to Alireza Rezaei; rt.ude.uic@ieazera

Received 31 August 2017; Revised 12 December 2017; Accepted 26 December 2017; Published 13 February 2018

Academic Editor: Kirk Hatfield

Copyright © 2018 Alireza Rezaei and Sadra Tahsili. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Purpose. Physical expansion of urban areas and cities is of great importance nowadays. Irreparable damages will thus be caused by lack of proper planning against natural disasters. Crisis management will therefore guide through prevention, preparedness, disaster relief, and recovery by planning an appropriate program. Methodology. Principal processes of crisis management against earthquake in Iran were evaluated and discussed. Multicriteria earthquake crisis management was then proposed by means of Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP). Vulnerability of 19 urban areas in Qazvin city was studied and analyzed as a case study. Three main criteria were considered as “physical dimensions and physical vulnerability texture,” “the amount of urban texture responsibility to aid after crisis,” and “possibility of city reversibility after the crisis.” These criteria were divided into 20 subcriteria which were prioritized by a questionnaire survey. Findings. “High population density,” “urban texture of old and repairable buildings,” “lack of relief and medical services,” “a few organic texture areas,” “sidewalks with less than 6 meters width in the region,” and “lack of open spaces in the area” were concluded to be the most important reasons causing high vulnerability of urban texture in Qazvin city.