Advances in Civil Engineering / 2018 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

A Parameter Classification System for Nonrevenue Water Management in Water Distribution Networks

Table 2

PI themes recommended by international organizations [7, 8].

IWA (2006)IBNET (2005)WHO (2000)WB (1999)

(i) Water resources
(ii) Personnel
(iii) Physical
(iv) Operational
(v) Quality of service
(vi) Economic and financial
(i) Service coverage
(ii) Water consumption and production
(iii) NRW
(iv) Metering practices
(v) Pipe network performance
(vi) Cost and staffing
(vii) Quality of service
(viii) Billing and collection
(ix) Financial performance
(x) Assets
(xi) Affordability
(xii) Process indicators
(i) User satisfaction
(ii) Community management
(iii) Financial
(iv) Level of service
(v) Materials
(vi) Personnel
(vii) Equipment
(viii) Work control
(i) Coverage
(ii) Water consumption and production
(iii) Water unaccounted for
(iv) Metering practices
(v) Pipe network performance
(vi) Cost and staffing
(vii) Quality of service
(viii) Billing and collection
(ix) Financial performance
(x) Capital investment