Advances in Civil Engineering / 2018 / Article / Fig 14

Research Article

Optimum Design of Braced Steel Space Frames including Soil-Structure Interaction via Teaching-Learning-Based Optimization and Harmony Search Algorithms

Figure 14

Design histories of the 10-storey Z-braced steel space frame. I: HS with soil-structure interaction; II: TLBO with soil-structure interaction; III: HS without soil-structure interaction; IV: TLBO without soil-structure interaction.

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