Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Advances in Civil Engineering
Volume 2018, Article ID 4072838, 12 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/4072838
Research Article

Utilization of Metakaolin and Calcite: Working Reversely in Workability Aspect—As Mineral Admixture in Self-Compacting Concrete

Department of Civil Engineering, Niğde Ömer Halisdemir University, Niğde 51240, Turkey

Correspondence should be addressed to Fatih Özcan; rt.ude.uho@naczof

Received 28 May 2018; Accepted 2 August 2018; Published 29 August 2018

Academic Editor: Patrick W. C. Tang

Copyright © 2018 Fatih Özcan and Halil Kaymak. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. K. Celik, M. D. Jackson, M. Mancio et al., “High-volume natural volcanic pozzolan and limestone powder as partial replacements for Portland cement in self-compacting and sustainable concrete,” Cement and Concrete Composites, vol. 45, pp. 136–147, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. S. Ilkentapar, C. D. Atis, O. Karahan, and E. B. Görür Avsaroglu, “Influence of duration of heat curing and extra rest period after heat curing on the strength and transport characteristic of alkali activated class F fly ash geopolymer mortar,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 151, pp. 363–369, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. V. M. Malhotra, “Introduction: sustainable development and concrete technology,” ACI Concrete International, vol. 24, no. 7, p. 22, 2002. View at Google Scholar
  4. X. Guo, H. Shi, and W. A. Dick, “Compressive strength and microstructural characteristics of class C fly ash geopolymer,” Cement and Concrete Composites, vol. 32, no. 2, pp. 142–147, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. H. T. Le, M. Muller, K. Siewert, and H. M. Ludwig, “The mix design for self-compacting high performance concrete containing various mineral admixtures,” Materials and Design, vol. 72, pp. 51–62, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. J. Bernal, E. Reyes, J. Massana, N. León, and E. Sánchez, “Fresh and mechanical behavior of a self-compacting concrete with additions of nano-silica, silica fume and ternary mixtures,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 160, pp. 196–210, 2018. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. H. Okamura and K. Ozawa, Self-Compactable High-Performance Concrete in Japan, ACI, MI, USA, 1996, ACI Special Publication, SP159-02.
  8. H. Okamura, “Self-compacting high-performance concrete,” Concrete International, vol. 19, pp. 50–54, 1997. View at Google Scholar
  9. H. Okamura and M. Ouchi, “Self-compacting concrete development, present and future,” in Proceedings of 1st International RILEM Symposium, pp. 3–14, Stockholm, Sweden, 1999.
  10. H. Okamura, K. Ozawa, and M. Ouchi, “Self-compacting concrete,” Structural Concrete, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 3–17, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  11. H. Okamura, K. Maekawa, and T. Mishima, Performance Based Design for Selfcompacting Structural High-Strength Concrete, ACI, MI, USA, 2005, ACI Special Publication, SP228-02.
  12. N. Bouzoubaa and A. M. Lachemi, “Self-compacting concrete incorporating high volumes of class F fly ash Preliminary results,” Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 413–420, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. J. M. Khatib, “Performance of self-compacting concrete containing fly ash,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 22, no. 9, pp. 1963–1971, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. O. Boukendakdji, S. Kenai, E. H. Kadri, and F. Rouis, “Effect of slag on the rheology of fresh self-compacted concrete,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 23, no. 7, pp. 2593–2598, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. M. Gesoglu, E. Guneyisi, and E. Ozbay, “Properties of self-compacting concretes made with binary, ternary, and quaternary cementitious blends of fly ash, blast furnace slag, and silica fume,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 1847–1854, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. M. Sahmaran, I. O. Yaman, and M. Tok, “Transport and mechanical properties of self consolidating concrete with high volume fly ash,” Cement and Concrete Composites, vol. 31, no. 2, pp. 99–106, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. E. Vejmelkova, M. Keppert, S. Grzeszczyk, B. Skalinski, and R. Cerny, “Properties of self-compacting concrete mixtures containing metakaolin and blast furnace slag,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 1325–1331, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. P. Dinakar, K. P. Sethy, and U. C. Sahoo, “Design of self-compacting concrete with ground granulated blast furnace slag,” Materials & Design, vol. 43, pp. 161–169, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. H. A. Mohamed, “Effect of fly ash and silica fume on compressive strength of self-compacting concrete under different curing conditions,” Ain Shams Engineering Journal, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 76–86, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. C. Lu, H. Yang, and G. Mei, “Relationship between slump flow and rheological properties of self compacting concrete with silica fume and its permeability,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 75, pp. 157–162, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. M. Benaicha, X. Roguiez, O. Jalbaud, Y. Burtschell, and A. H. Alaoui, “Influence of silica fume and viscosity modifying agent on the mechanical and rheological behavior of self compacting concrete,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 84, pp. 103–110, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. A. A. Hassan, M. Lachemi, and K. M. Hossain, “Effect of metakaolin and silica fume on the durability of self-consolidating concrete,” Cement and Concrete Composites, vol. 34, no. 6, pp. 801–807, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. A. A. A. Hassan, M. Lachemi, and K. M. A. Hossain, “Effect of metakaolin on the rheology of self-consolidating concrete,” ACI Materials Journal, vol. 109, no. 6, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  24. A. A. Ramezanianpour and J. H. Bahrami, “Influence of metakaolin as supplementary cementing material on strength and durability of concretes,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 30, pp. 470–479, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. P. Dinakar, K. S. Sahoo, and G. Sriram, “Effect of metakaolin content on the properties of high strength concrete,” International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 215–223, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. O. R. Khaleel and R. H. Abdul, “Mix design method for self compacting metakaolin concrete with different properties of coarse aggregate,” Materials & Design, vol. 53, pp. 691–700, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. A. M. Karoline and M. P. C. Arnoldo, “Effect of Metakaolin’s finesses and content in self-consolidating concrete,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 24, no. 8, pp. 1529–1535, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. C. S. Poon, S. C. Kou, and L. Lam, “Compressive strength, chloride diffusivity and pore structure of high performance metakaolin and silica fume concrete,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 20, no. 10, pp. 858–865, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. R. Madandoust and S. Y. Mousavi, “Fresh and hardened properties of self compacting concrete containing metakaolin,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 35, pp. 752–760, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. J. M. Khatib and R. M. Clay, “Absorption characteristics of metakaolin concrete,” Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 19–29, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. S. A. Rizwan and T. A. Bier, “Blends of limestone powder and fly-ash enhance the response of self-compacting mortars,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 398–403, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. H. Vikan and H. Justnes, “Rheology of cementitious paste with silica fume or limestone,” Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 37, no. 11, pp. 1512–1517, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. Y. Akkaya and Y. E. Kesler, “Effect of microcalcite on the workability, mechanical properties and durability of concrete,” Technical Journal of Turkish Chamber of Civil Engineers, vol. 23, pp. 6051–6061, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  34. G. R. Sensale and I. R. Viacava, “A study on blended Portland cements containing residual rice husk ash and limestone filler,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 166, pp. 873–888, 2018. View at Google Scholar
  35. N. Voglis, G. Kakali, E. Chaniotakis, and S. Tsivilis, “Portland-limestone cements. Their properties and hydration compared to those of other composite cements,” Cement and Concrete Composites, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 191–196, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. G. İ. Sezer, O. Çopuroglu, and K. Ramyar, “Microstructure of 2 and 28-day cured Portland limestone cement pastes,” Indian Journal of Engineering & Materials Sciences, vol. 17, pp. 289–294, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  37. S. Sprung and E. Siebel, “Assessment of the suitability of limestone for producing portland limestone cement (PKZ),” Zement-Kalk-Gips, vol. 44, pp. 1–11, 1991. View at Google Scholar
  38. S. Tsivilis, E. Chaniotakis, G. Kakali, and G. Batis, “An analysis of the properties of Portland limestone cements and concrete,” Cement and Concrete Composites, vol. 24, no. 3-4, pp. 371–378, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. S. Tsivilis, G. Batis, E. Chaniotakis, G. Grigoriadis, and D. Theodossis, “Properties and behavior of limestone cement concrete and mortar,” Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 30, no. 10, pp. 1679–1683, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. J. Skalny, J. Marchand, and I. Odler, Sulfate Attack on Concrete, Spon Press, NewYork, NY, USA, 2002.
  41. V. Bonavetti, H. Donza, V. Rahhal, and E. Irassar, “Influence of initial curing on the properties of concrete containing limestone blended cement,” Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 30, no. 5, pp. 703–708, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. V. Bonavetti, H. Donza, G. Menendez, O. Cabrera, and E. Irassar, “Limestone filler cement in low w/c concrete: a rational use of energy,” Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 33, no. 6, pp. 865–871, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. W. Zhu and C. J. Gibbs, “Use of different limestone and chalk powders in self-compacting concrete,” Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 35, no. 8, pp. 1457–1462, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. O. Esping, “Effect of limestone filler BET (H2O)-area on the fresh and hardened properties of self-compacting concrete,” Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 38, no. 7, pp. 938–944, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. I. B. Topçu, T. Bilir, and T. Uygunoğlu, “Effect of waste marble dust content as filler on properties of self–compacting concrete,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 23, pp. 1947–1953, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. TS EN-197-1, Cements-Part 1: Compositions and Conformity Criteria for Common Cements, Turkish Standards Institute (TSE), Turkey, 2004.
  47. TS EN 934-2, Admixtures for Concrete, Mortar and Grout-Part 2: Concrete Admixtures Definitions, Requirements, Conformity, Marking and Labelling, Turkish Standards Institute (TSE), Turkey, 2011.
  48. TS EN 196-3, Methods of Testing Cement-Part 3: Determination of Setting Time and Soundness, Turkish Standards Institute (TSE), Turkey, 2002.
  49. ASTM C 311, Standard Test Methods for Sampling and Testing Fly Ash or Natural Pozzolans for Use in Portland-Cement Concrete, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, USA, 2017.
  50. European Federation for Specialist Construction Chemicals and Concrete Systems (EFNARC), Specification and Guidelines for Self-Compacting Concrete, EFNARC, Norfolk, UK, 2005, http://www.efnarc.org/pdf/SCCGuidelinesMay2005.pdf.
  51. TS EN 12390-3, Testing Hardened Concrete-Part 3: Compressive Strength of Test Specimens, Turkish Standards Institute (TSE), Turkey, 2003.
  52. ASTM C 597, Standard Test Method for Pulse Velocity through Concrete, Annual Book of ASTM Standards, ASTM, West Conshohocken, PA, USA, 1994.
  53. TS 2824 EN 1338, Concrete Paving Blocks-Requirements and Test Methods, Turkish Standards Institute (TSE), Turkey, 2009.
  54. Turkish Standards Institute, TS 4045 Determination of the Capillary Water Absorption of Building Materials, Turkish Standards Institute (TSE), Turkey, 1984.
  55. M. Valcuende, E. Marco, C. Parra, and P. Serna, “Influence of limestone filler and viscosity-modifying admixture on the shrinkage of self-compacting concrete,” Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 42, no. 4, pp. 583–592, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  56. O. Karahan, M. A. H. Khandaker, E. Ozbay, L. Mohamed, and E. Sancak, “Effect of metakaolin content on the properties self-consolidating lightweight concrete,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 31, pp. 320–325, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  57. V. Kannan and K. Ganesan, “Chloride and chemical resistance of self-compacting concrete containing rice husk ash and metakaolin,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 51, pp. 225–234, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  58. O. R. Kavitha, V. M. Shanthi, G. P. Arulraj, and P. Sivakumar, “Fresh, micro- and macrolevel studies of metakaolin blended self-compacting concrete,” Applied Clay Science, vol. 114, pp. 370–374, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  59. A. Yahiaa, M. Tanimurab, and Y. Shimoyamab, “Rheological properties of highly flowable mortar containing limestone filler-effect of powder content and W/C ratio,” Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 35, no. 3, pp. 532–539, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  60. S. Tsivilis, E. Chaniotakis, E. Badogiannis, G. Pahoulas, and A. Ilias, “A study on the parameters affecting the properties of portland limestone cements,” Cement and Concrete Composites, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 107–116, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  61. G. Sua-iam, P. Sokrai, and N. Makul, “Novel ternary blends of Type 1 Portland cement, residual rice husk ash, and limestone powder to improve the properties of self-compacting concrete,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 125, pp. 1028–1034, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  62. B. Felekoğlu, K. Tosun, B. Baradan, A. Altun, and B. Uyulgan, “The effect of fly ash and limestone fillers on the viscosity and compressive strength of self-compacting repair mortars,” Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 36, no. 9, pp. 1719–1726, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  63. F. U. A. Shaikh and S. W. M. Supit, “Mechanical and durability properties of high volume fly ash (HVFA) concrete containing calcium carbonate (CaCO3) nanoparticles,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 70, pp. 309–321, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  64. T. Matschei, B. Lothenbach, and F. P. Glasser, “The role of calcium carbonate in cement hydration,” Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 37, no. 4, pp. 551–558, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus