Advances in Civil Engineering / 2018 / Article / Fig 4

Research Article

Flexural Modelling and Finite Element Analysis of FRC Beams Reinforced with PVA and Basalt Fibres and Their Validation

Figure 4

Three stages of stress-strain response in flexure. (a) Stage I: elastic behaviour in compression and tension. (b) Stage II: elastic behaviour in compression and plastic behaviour in tension (cracking stage). (c) Stage III: nonlinear behaviour in compression and plastic behaviour in tension (ultimate stage).
(a)
(b)
(c)