Advances in Civil Engineering / 2019 / Article / Fig 6

Research Article

Hybrid Numerical Investigation on Soil-Hammer Interaction during Dynamic Compaction

Figure 6

Time history of (a) displacement and (b) penetration efficiency, (c) contact force between hammer and soil, and (d) vertical dynamic earth pressure underneath the hammer for flat, convex, and concave hammers.
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)

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