Table 3: Model descriptions.

Model markMain reinforcement ratio at tension zone (%)Number of BFRP layersStatusSchemes

B10.41Control
B20.83Control
B30.413StrengthenedMidspan
B40.833StrengthenedMidspan
B50.418StrengthenedMidspan
B60.838StrengthenedBottom
B70.660Loss of 20% of main reinforcement area
B80.668Strengthened and loss of 20% of main reinforcement areaBottom

Innovative model.