Advances in Civil Engineering / 2019 / Article / Fig 9

Research Article

Analysis of Fatigue Crack Propagation of an Orthotropic Bridge Deck Based on the Extended Finite Element Method

Figure 9

The maximum principal stress nephograms for crack type. (a) Crack from the welding root of top deck (type a) and (b) crack from the welding toe of top deck (type b).

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