Advances in Civil Engineering / 2020 / Article / Fig 8

Research Article

Discrete Element Analysis of the Load Transfer Mechanism of Geogrid-Ballast Interface under Pull-Out Load

Figure 8

Normal contact force chain distribution for BG1 and TG1 under 20 kPa normal stress. (a) Pull-out displacement=0. (b) Pull-out displacement=0. (c) Pull-out displacement=36 mm. (d) Pull-out displacement=36 mm.

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