An Improved Particle Swarm Optimization Algorithm forOptimal Allocation of Distributed Generation Units in Radial Power SystemsRead the full article
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Agricultural Model for Allocation of Crops Using Pollination Intelligence Method
An agricultural model for allocation of crops is considered in this work using Pollination Intelligence Method. The model was constructed to solve farmer’s decision making in allocating crops to a piece of land using market price, known yield of crops, cost incurred during planting, and the total amount of land available. A new class of metaheuristic method called Flower Pollinated Algorithm is also presented in this work to solve the designed model. An improved version of the Flower Pollinated Algorithm called Pollination Intelligence Algorithm using an iterative scheme to override the switch parameter in Flower Pollinated Algorithm is also presented and used in solving the designed model. A case study of a farmer in Ife, Osun State, Nigeria, was used to implement the model, and the results obtained suggested that instead of allocating crops to land randomly based on farmer’s intuition, cost of planting, yield of crops, and market price were factors that must be considered by farmers for optimal profit before planting crops.
Some Criteria of the Knowledge Representation Method for an Intelligent Problem Solver in STEM Education
Nowadays, building intelligent systems for science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) education is necessary to support the studying of learners. Intelligent problem solver (IPS) is a system that can be able to solve or tutor how to solve the problems automatically. Learners only declare hypothesis and goal of problems based on a sufficient specification language. They can request the program to solve it automatically or to give instructions that help them to solve it themselves. Knowledge representation plays a vital role in these kinds of intelligent systems. There are various methods for knowledge representation; however, they do not meet the requirements of an IPS in STEM education. In this paper, we propose the criteria of a knowledge model for an IPS in education. These criteria orient to develop a method for knowledge representation to meet actual requirements in practice, especially pedagogical requirements. For proving the effectiveness of these criteria, a knowledge model is also constructed. This model can satisfy these criteria and be applied to build IPS for courses, such as mathematics and physics.
Lion Algorithm-Optimized Long Short-Term Memory Network for Groundwater Level Forecasting in Udupi District, India
Groundwater is a precious natural resource. Groundwater level (GWL) forecasting is crucial in the field of water resource management. Measurement of GWL from observation-wells is the principle source of information about the aquifer and is critical to its evaluation. Most part of the Udupi district of Karnataka State in India consists of geological formations: lateritic terrain and gneissic complex. Due to the topographical ruggedness and inconsistency in rainfall, the GWL in Udupi region is declining continually and most of the open wells are drying-up during the summer. Hence, the current research aimed at developing a groundwater level forecasting model by using hybrid long short-term memory-lion algorithm (LSTM-LA). The historical GWL and rainfall data from an observation well from Udupi district, located in Karnataka state, India, were used to develop the model. The prediction accuracy of the hybrid LSTM-LA model was better than that of the feedforward neural network (FFNN) and the isolated LSTM models. The hybrid LSTM-LA-based forecasting model is promising for a larger dataset.
Development of Smart Plate Number Recognition System for Fast Cars with Web Application
Traffic law violation has been recognized as a major cause for road accidents in most parts of the world with majority occurring in developing countries. Even with the presence of rules and regulations stipulated against this, violators are still on the increase. This is due to the fact that the rules are not properly enforced by appropriate authorities in those parts of the world. Therefore, a system needs to be designed to assist law enforcement agencies to impose these rules to improve road safety and reduce road accidents. This work uses a Vehicle Plate Number Recognition (VNPR) system which is a real-time embedded system to automatically recognize license plate numbers. It provides an alternative means to VPNR using an open-source library known as openCV. The main aim of the system is to use image processing to identify vehicles violating traffic by their plate numbers. It consists of an IR sensor for detecting the vehicle. During testing, a minimum time was set for the sensor to detect the object which was recorded by the microprocessor. Once it was less than the set time, the camera was triggered to capture the plate number and store the image on the Raspberry Pi. The image captured is processed by the Raspberry Pi to extract the numbers on the image. The numbers on the capture imaged were viewed on a web page via an IP address. The system if implemented can be used to improve road safety and control traffic of emerging smart cities. It will also be used to apply appropriate sanctions for traffic law violators.
Arabic Sentiment Analysis: A Systematic Literature Review
With the recently grown attention from different research communities for opinion mining, there is an evolving body of work on Arabic Sentiment Analysis (ASA). This paper introduces a systematic review of the existing literature relevant to ASA. The main goals of the review are to support research, to propose further areas for future studies in ASA, and to smoothen the progress of other researchers’ search for related studies. The findings of the review propose a taxonomy for sentiment classification methods. Furthermore, the limitations of existing approaches are highlighted in the preprocessing step, feature generation, and sentiment classification methods. Some likely trends for future research with ASA are suggested in both practical and theoretical aspects.
Fish Detection Using Deep Learning
Recently, human being’s curiosity has been expanded from the land to the sky and the sea. Besides sending people to explore the ocean and outer space, robots are designed for some tasks dangerous for living creatures. Take the ocean exploration for an example. There are many projects or competitions on the design of Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUV) which attracted many interests. Authors of this article have learned the necessity of platform upgrade from a previous AUV design project, and would like to share the experience of one task extension in the area of fish detection. Because most of the embedded systems have been improved by fast growing computing and sensing technologies, which makes them possible to incorporate more and more complicated algorithms. In an AUV, after acquiring surrounding information from sensors, how to perceive and analyse corresponding information for better judgement is one of the challenges. The processing procedure can mimic human being’s learning routines. An advanced system with more computing power can facilitate deep learning feature, which exploit many neural network algorithms to simulate human brains. In this paper, a convolutional neural network (CNN) based fish detection method was proposed. The training data set was collected from the Gulf of Mexico by a digital camera. To fit into this unique need, three optimization approaches were applied to the CNN: data augmentation, network simplification, and training process speed up. Data augmentation transformation provided more learning samples; the network was simplified to accommodate the artificial neural network; the training process speed up is introduced to make the training process more time efficient. Experimental results showed that the proposed model is promising, and has the potential to be extended to other underwear objects.