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Advances in Condensed Matter Physics
Volume 2010 (2010), Article ID 484578, 10 pages
Research Article

Lattice Instability in High Temperature Superconducting Cuprates and FeAs Systems: Polarons Probed by EXAFS

1Photonics Research Institute, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, 1-1-1 Umezono, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8568, Japan
2High Magnetic Field Laboratory, Hefei Institute of Physical Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 1110, 350# Shushan Road, Hefei 230031, China

Received 11 June 2009; Accepted 7 October 2009

Academic Editor: Dragan Mihailovic

Copyright © 2010 H. Oyanagi and C. J. Zhang. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Carrier-induced lattice distortion (signature of polaron) in oxypnictide superconductors is found by an instantaneous local probe, extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS). Polaron formation is detected as two distinct nearest neighbor distances (Fe-As), implying an incoherent local mode that develops coherence at the critical temperature. Comparing the results with the unusual lattice response in cuprate superconductors, intimate correlation between evolution of local lattice mode and superconductivity is revealed. The results suggest that strong electron-lattice interaction is present as a common ingredient in the microscopic mechanism of superconducting transition. The effect of magnetic impurity atoms in cuprates further indicates that magnetic scattering becomes diluted as long as polaron formation is conserved. We argue that polaron coherence dominates electrical conduction and magnetic interaction in oxypnictide and cuprate superconductors.