Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Advances in Condensed Matter Physics
Volume 2011, Article ID 574979, 6 pages
Research Article

Compositional Dependence of Structural Properties of Prepared P b 𝑥 S 1 𝑥 Alloys and Films

1Department of Physics, College of Science, University of Baghdad, P.O. Box 47162, Jadiriya, Baghdad, Iraq
2Department of Applied Physics, College of Sciences, University of Sharjah, P.O Box 27272, Sharjah, UAE

Received 21 May 2011; Revised 15 August 2011; Accepted 22 August 2011

Academic Editor: Rosa Lukaszew

Copyright © 2011 M. F. A. Alias et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. J. Piotrowski, W. Galus, and M. Grudzien, “Review near room-temperature IR photo-detectors,” Infrared Physics, vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 1–48, 1991. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. M. R. Kitchin, Theory of semiconductor heterostructures for infrared applications, Ph.D. thesis, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, UK, 1999.
  3. R. H. Bube, Photoconductivity of Solids, John Wiley & Sons, New York, NU, USA, 1960.
  4. D. E. Aspnes and M. Cardona, “Electro-optic measurements of PbS, PbSe, and PbTe,” Physical Review, vol. 173, no. 3, pp. 714–728, 1968. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. S. M. Sze, Semiconductor Devices: Physics and Technology, John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY, USA, 1986.
  6. Y. I. Ravich, B. A. Efimova, and I. A. Smirnov, Semiconducting Lead Chalcogenides, Plenum Press, New York, NY USA, 1970.
  7. F. E. Kruis, K. Nielsch, H. Fissan, B. Rellinghaus, and E. F. Wassermann, “Preparation of size-classified PbS nanoparticles in the gas phase,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 73, no. 4, pp. 547–549, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. N. N. Greenwood and A. Earnshaw, Chemistry of the Elements, Butterworth-Heinemann, Oxford, UK, 2nd edition, 1997.
  9. M. Bass, E. W. Van Stryland, D. R. Williams, and W. L. Wolfe, Handbook of Optics, vol. 2, McGraw-Hill, New York, NY, USA, 1995.
  10. P. K. Nair and M. T. S. Nair, “PbS solar control coatings: safety, cost and optimisation,” Journal of Physics D, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 150–155, 1990. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. F. W. Wise, “Lead salt quantum dots: the limit of strong quantum confinement,” Accounts of Chemical Research, vol. 33, no. 11, pp. 773–780, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. M. F. A. Alias, E. M. Al-Fawade, A. A. Alnajjar, and A. A. J. Al-Douri, “Fabrication of PbxS1x photoconductive detectors,” Journal of Pure & Applied Sciences, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 1–24, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  13. A. A. J. Al-Douri, M. F. A. Alias, M. N. Makadsi, G. H. Mohammed, and A. A. Alnajjar, “The role of annealing temperature and lead content on optical properties of PbxS1x films,” Thin Solid Films, vol. 517, no. 2, pp. 881–885, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. C. Kittle, Introduction to Solid State Physics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY, USA, 5th edition, 1976.
  15. L. Eckertová, Physics of Thin Films, Plenum Press, London, UK, 1977.
  16. C. Kittel, Introduction to Solid State Physics, Wiley Eastern, NewYork, NY, USA, 5th edition, 1995.
  17. S. B. Qadri, J. P. Yang, E. F. Skelton, and B. R. Ratna, “Evidence of strain and lattice distortion in lead sulfide nanocrystallites,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 70, no. 8, pp. 1020–1021, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. Ucdavis, “Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, EMS-162(L): The Structure and Characterization of Engineering Materials Laboratory,” 2004. View at Google Scholar
  19. American Society for Testing and Materials, X-Ray Diffraction Data Cards, Philadelphia, Pa, USA, 1984.
  20. P. Judita, Growth kinetics and properties of lead sulfide thin films deposited on crystalline silicon using successive Ionic layer adsorption and reaction method, Ph.D. thesis, Physical Science, Kaunas University of Technology, Kaunas, Lithuania, 2004.
  21. I. C. Torriani, M. Tomyiama, S. Bilac, G. B. Rego, J. I. Cisneros, and Z. P. Argüello, “The influence of H2O2 on the crystalline orientation of chemically deposited PbS thin films,” Thin Solid Films, vol. 77, no. 4, pp. 347–350, 1981. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. H. Elabd and A. J. Steckl, “Structural and compositional properties of the PbS-Si heterojunction,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 51, no. 1, pp. 726–737, 1980. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. T. K. Chaudhuri, H. N. Acharya, and B. B. Nayak, “A dip-dry process for preparing photosensitive films of PbS for thermophotovoltaic applications,” Thin Solid Films, vol. 83, no. 4, pp. L169–L172, 1981. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. J. George, T. I. Palson, and K. S. Joseph, “Polycrystalline films of PbS prepared by reactive evaporation,” Solid State Communications, vol. 58, no. 9, pp. 605–608, 1986. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. M. G. H. Mohammed, Optoelectronic properties of PbxS1-x thin films, M.S. thesis, Baghdad University, Baghdad, Iraq, 2002.