Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Advances in Condensed Matter Physics
Volume 2012, Article ID 824643, 15 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/824643
Review Article

Current Status of Magnetoelectric Composite Thin/Thick Films

1Functional Ceramics Group, Korea Institute of Materials Science (KIMS), Gyeongnam, Changwon 641-831, Republic of Korea
2School of Materials Engineering, Inha University, Incheon 402-751, Republic of Korea

Received 19 September 2011; Accepted 2 December 2011

Academic Editor: Vladimir Petrov

Copyright © 2012 Rahul C. Kambale et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. R. Grössinger, G. V. Duong, and R. S. Sato-Turtelli, “The physics of magnetoelectric composites,” Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, vol. 320, no. 14, pp. 1972–1977, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. Y. Wang, J. Hu, Y. Lin, and C. W. Nan, “Multiferroic magnetoelectric composite nanostructures,” NPG Asia Materials, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 61–68, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  3. J. Ma, J. Hu, Z. Li, and C. W. Nan, “Recent progress in multiferroic magnetoelectric composites: from bulk to thin films,” Advanced Materials, vol. 23, no. 9, pp. 1062–1087, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. P. Curie, “Sur la symmetric dans phenomenes physiques,” Journal de Physique. 3e Série, vol. 3, article 393, 1894. View at Google Scholar
  5. L. D. Landue and E. Lifshitz, Electrodynamics of Continuous Media, Addison-Wesley, Reading, Mass, USA, 1960.
  6. I. E. Dzyaloshinskii, “On the magneto-electrical effects in antiferromagnetics,” Soviet Physics—JETP, vol. 37, pp. 628–629, 1960. View at Google Scholar
  7. D. N. Astrov, “The magnetoelectric effects,” Soviet Physics—JETP, vol. 11, pp. 708–709, 1960. View at Google Scholar
  8. R. M. Hornreich, “The magnetoelectric effect: some likely candidates,” Solid State Communications, vol. 7, no. 15, pp. 1081–1085, 1969. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. R. M. Hornreich, “Theory of the magnetoelectric effect in polycrystalline powders,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 41, no. 3, pp. 950–951, 1970. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. E. Fischer, G. Gorodetsky, and R. M. Hornreich, “A new family of magnetoelectric materials: A2M4O9(A = Ta, Nb; M = Mn, Co),” Solid State Communications, vol. 10, no. 12, pp. 1127–1132, 1972. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. V. J. Folen, G. T. Rado, and E. W. Stalder, “Anisotropy of the magnetoelectric effect in Cr2O23,” Physical Review Letters, vol. 6, no. 11, pp. 607–608, 1961. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. S. Foner and M. Hanabusa, “Magnetoelectric Effects in Cr2O3 and (Cr2O3)0.8(Al2O3)0.2,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 34, no. 4, pp. 1246–1247, 1963. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. L. M. Holmes, L. G. van Uitert, and G. W. Hull, “Magnetoelectric effect and critical behavior in the Ising-like antiferromagnet, DyAlO3,” Solid State Communications, vol. 9, no. 16, pp. 1373–1376, 1971. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. R. M. Hornreich, “The magnetoelectric effect: materials, physical aspects, and applications,” IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 584–589, 1972. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. R. M. Hornreich, in Proceedings of the Symposium on Magnetoelectric Interaction Phenomena in Crystals, Seattle, Wash, USA, May 1973.
  16. R. M. Hornreich, in Magnetoelectric Interaction Phenomena in Crystals, A. Freeman and H. Schmid, Eds., Gordon and Breach Science, New York, NY, USA, 1975.
  17. R. Hornreich and S. Shtrikman, “Statistical mechanics and origin of the magnetoelectric effect in Cr2O3,” Physical Review, vol. 161, no. 2, pp. 506–512, 1967. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. T. J. Martin and J. C. Anderson, “Magneto-electric annealing effects of Cr2O3,” Physics Letters, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 109–110, 1964. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. T. J. Martin and J. C. Anderson, “Antiferromagnetic domain switching in Cr2O3,” IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 2, pp. 446–449, 1966. View at Google Scholar
  20. M. Mercier, “Magnetoelectric behavior in garnets,” in Proceedings of the Symposium on Magnetoelectric Interaction Phenomena in Crystals, Seattle, Wash, USA, May 1973.
  21. R. M. Hornreich, in Magnetoelectric Interaction Phenomena in Crystals, A. Freeman and H. Schmid, Eds., p. 99, Gordon and Breach Science, New York, NY, USA, 1975.
  22. K. F. Wang, J. M. Liu, and Z. F. Ren, “Multiferroicity: the coupling between magnetic and polarization orders,” Advances in Physics, vol. 58, no. 4, pp. 321–448, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. M. Fiebig, “Revival of the magnetoelectric effect,” Journal of Physics D, vol. 38, no. 8, pp. R123–R152, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. C. W. Nan, M. I. Bichurin, S. Dong, D. Viehland, and G. Srinivasan, “Multiferroic magnetoelectric composites: historical perspective, status, and future directions,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 103, no. 3, Article ID 031101, 35 pages, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. J. van Suchtelen, “Product properties: a new application of composite materials,” Philips Research Reports, vol. 27, pp. 28–37, 1972. View at Google Scholar
  26. R. Ramesh and N. A. Spaldin, “Multiferroics: progress and prospects in thin films,” Nature Materials, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 21–29, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. J. Ryu, S. Priya, K. Uchino, and H. E. Kim, “Magnetoelectric effect in composites of magnetostrictive and piezoelectric materials,” Journal of Electroceramics, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 107–119, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. J. van Suchtelen, “Product properties: a new application of composite materials,” Philips Research Report, vol. 27, pp. 28–37, 1972. View at Google Scholar
  29. J. van den Boomgaard and R. A. J. Born, “A sintered magnetoelectric composite material BaTiO3–Ni(Co,Mn)Fe3O4,” Journal of Materials Science, vol. 13, no. 7, pp. 1538–1548, 1978. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. J. van den Boomgaard, A. M. J. G. van Run, and J. van Suchtelen, “Magnetoelectricity in Piezoelectric-Magnetostrictive Composites,” Ferroelectrics, vol. 10, pp. 295–298, 1976. View at Google Scholar
  31. J. van den Boomgaard, D. R. Terrell, R. A. J. Born, and H. F. J. I. Giller, “An in situ grown eutectic magnetoelectric composite material. Part I: composition and unidirectional solidification,” Journal of Materials Science, vol. 9, no. 10, pp. 1705–1709, 1974. View at Google Scholar
  32. A. M. J. G. van Run, D. R. Terrell, and J. H. Scholing, “An in situ grown eutectic magnetoelectric composite material, Part 2: physical properties,” Journal of Materials Science, vol. 9, no. 10, pp. 1710–1714, 1974. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. J. Wang, H. Zheng, V. Nagarajan et al., “Epitaxial BiFeO3 multiferroic thin film heterostructures,” Science, vol. 299, no. 5613, pp. 1719–1722, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  34. H. Zheng, J. Wang, S. E. Lofland et al., “Multiferroic BaTiO3–CoFe2O4 nanostructures,” Science, vol. 303, no. 5658, pp. 661–663, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  35. C. M. Kanamadi, J. S. Kim, H. K. Yang, B. K. Moon, B. C. Choi, and J. H. Jeong, “Synthesis and characterization of CoFe2O4–Ba0.9Sr0.1TiO3 magnetoelectric composites with dielectric and magnetic properties,” Applied Physics A, vol. 339, pp. 5254–5257, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  36. S. L. Kadam, C. M. Kanamadi, K. K. Patankar, and B. K. Chougule, “Dielectric behaviour and magneto-electric effect in Ni0.5Co0.5Fe2O4 + Ba0.8Pb0.2TiO3 ME composites,” Materials Letters, vol. 59, no. 2-3, pp. 215–219, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. S. A. Lokare, R. S. Devan, and B. K. Chougule, “Structural analysis and electrical properties of ME composites,” Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 454, no. 1-2, pp. 471–475, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. R. S. Devan, D. R. Dhakras, T. G. Vichare et al., “Li0.5Co0.75Fe2O4 + BaTiO3 particulate composites with coupled magnetic-electric properties,” Journal of Physics D, vol. 41, no. 10, Article ID 105010, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  39. S. S. Chougule and B. K. Chougule, “Studies on electrical properties and the magnetoelectric effect on ferroelectric-rich (x)Ni0.8Zn0.2Fe2O4+(1-x) PZT ME composites,” Smart Materials and Structures, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 493–497, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  40. D. R. Patil and B. K. Chougule, “Effect of resistivity on magnetoelectric effect in (x)NiFe2O4–(1-x)Ba0.9Sr0.1TiO3 ME composites,” Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 470, no. 1-2, pp. 531–535, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. X. Lu, B. Wang, Y. Zheng, and E. Ryba, “Coupling interaction in 1-3-type multiferroic composite thin films,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 90, no. 13, Article ID 133124, 3 pages, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. J. X. Zhang, Y. L. Li, D. G. Schlom et al., “Phase-field model for epitaxial ferroelectric and magnetic nanocomposite thin films,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 90, no. 5, Article ID 052909, 3 pages, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. C. G. Duan, S. S. Jaswal, and E. Y. Tsymbal, “Predicted magnetoelectric effect in Fe/BaTiO3 multilayers: ferroelectric control of magnetism,” Physical Review Letters, vol. 97, no. 4, Article ID 047201, 4 pages, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. C. Ederer and N. A. Spaldin, “Recent progress in first-principles studies of magnetoelectric multiferroics,” Current Opinion in Solid State and Materials Science, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 128–139, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. S. Priya, R. Islam, S. Dong, and D. Viehland, “Recent advancements in magnetoelectric particulate and laminate composites,” Journal of Electroceramics, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 147–164, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. M. Fiebig and N. A. Spaldin, “Current trends of the magnetoelectric effect,” European Physical Journal B, pp. 1–5, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  47. C. A. F. Vaz, J. Hoffman, C. H. Ahn, and R. Ramesh, “Magnetoelectric coupling effects in multiferroic complex oxide composite structures,” Advanced Materials, vol. 22, no. 26-27, pp. 2900–2918, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  48. L. Yan, Y. Yang, Z. Wang, Z. Xing, J. Li, and D. Viehland, “Review of magnetoelectric perovskite-spinel self-assembled nano-composite thin films,” Journal of Materials Science, vol. 44, no. 19, pp. 5080–5094, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  49. S. V. Suryanarayana, “Magnetoelectric interaction phenomena in materials,” Bulletin of Materials Science, vol. 17, no. 7, pp. 1259–1270, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  50. M. I. Bichurin and V. M. Petrov, “Composite magnetoelectrics: their microwave properties,” Ferroelectrics, vol. 162, pp. 33–35, 1994. View at Google Scholar
  51. M. I. Bichurin, I. A. Kornev, V. M. Petrov, and I. V. Lisnevskaya, “Investigation of magnetoelectric interaction in composite,” Ferroelectrics, vol. 204, no. 1–4, pp. 289–297, 1997. View at Google Scholar
  52. G. Srinivasan, C. P. Devreugd, C. S. Flattery, V. M. Laletsin, and N. Paddubnaya, “Magnetoelectric interactions in hot-pressed nickel zinc ferrite and lead zirconante titanate composites,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 85, no. 13, pp. 2550–2552, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  53. S. Mazumder and G. S. Bhattacharyya, “Synthesis and characterization of in situ grown magnetoelectric composites in the BaO-TiO-FeO-CoO system,” Ceramics International, vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 389–392, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  54. L. Fuentes, M. García, D. Bueno, M. Fuentes, and A. Muñoz, “Magnetoelectric effect in Bi5Ti3FeO15 ceramics obtained by molten salts synthesis,” Ferroelectrics, vol. 336, pp. 81–89, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  55. J. Ryu, A. V. Carazo, K. Uchino, and H. E. Kim, “Piezoelectric and magnetoelectric properties of lead zirconate titanate/Ni-ferrite particulate composites,” Journal of Electroceramics, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 17–24, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  56. R. C. Kambale, P. A. Shaikh, C. H. Bhosale, K. Y. Rajpure, and Y. D. Kolekar, “Studies on magnetic, dielectric and magnetoelectric behavior of (x) NiFe1.9Mn0.1O4 and (1-x) BaZr0.08Ti0.92O3 magnetoelectric composites,” Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 489, no. 1, pp. 310–315, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  57. R. C. Kambale, P. A. Shaikh, Y. D. Kolekar, C. H. Bhosale, and K. Y. Rajpure, “Studies on dielectric and magnetoelectric behavior of 25% CMFO ferrite and 75% BZT ferroelectric multiferroic magnetoelectric composites,” Materials Letters, vol. 64, no. 4, pp. 520–523, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  58. S. S. Chougule and B. K. Chougule, “Studies on electrical properties and the magnetoelectric effect on ferroelectric-rich (x)Ni0.8Zn0.2Fe2O4 + (1-x) PZT ME composites,” Smart Materials and Structures, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 493–497, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  59. A. D. Sheikh and V. L. Mathe, “Effect of the piezomagnetic NiFe2O4 phaseon the piezoelectric Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)0.67Ti0.33O3 phase in magnetoelectric composites,” Smart Materials and Structures, vol. 18, no. 6, Article ID 065014, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  60. K. K. Patankar, S. A. Patil, K. V. Sivakumar, R. P. Mahajan, Y. D. Kolekar, and M. B. Kothale, “AC conductivity and magnetoelectric effect in CuFe1.6Cr0.4O4–BaTiO3 composite ceramics,” Materials Chemistry and Physics, vol. 65, no. 1, pp. 97–102, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  61. R. A. Islam and S. Priya, “Synthesis of high magnetoelectric coefficient composites using annealing and aging route,” International Journal of Applied Ceramic Technology, vol. 3, no. 5, pp. 353–363, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  62. J. Ryu, S. Priya, K. Uchino, D. Viehland, and H. Kim, “High magnetoelectric properties in 0.68Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3High Magnetoelectric Properties in 0.68Pb0.32PbTiO3–0.32PbTiO3 single crystal and Terfenol-D laminate composite,” Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, vol. 39, pp. 813–817, 2002. View at Google Scholar
  63. M. I. Bichurin, D. A. Filippov, V. M. Petrov, V. M. Laletsin, N. Paddubnaya, and G. Srinivasan, “Resonance magnetoelectric effects in layered magnetostrictive-piezoelectric composites,” Physical Review B, vol. 68, no. 13, Article ID 132408, 4 pages, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  64. S. Dong, J.-F. Li, and D. Viehland, “A longitudinal-longitudinal mode TERFENOL-D/Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3–PbTiO3 laminate composite,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 85, no. 22, pp. 5305–5306, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  65. J. Zhai, S. Dong, Z. Xing, J. Li, and D. Viehland, “Giant magnetoelectric effect in Metglas/polyvinylidene-fluoride laminates,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 89, no. 8, Article ID 083507, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  66. S. Dong, J. Zhai, Z. Xing, J. Li, and D. Viehland, “Giant magnetoelectric effect (under a dc magnetic bias of 2 Oe) in laminate composites of FeBSiC alloy ribbons and Pb (Zn1/3,Nb2/3)O3–7%PbTiO3 fibers,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 91, no. 2, Article ID 022915, 3 pages, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  67. C.-S. Park, K.-H. Cho, M. A. Arat, J. Evey, and S. Priya, “High magnetic field sensitivity in Pb (Zr,Ti)O3–Pb (Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3 single crystal/Terfenol-D/Metglas magnetoelectric laminate composites,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 107, no. 9, Article ID 094109, 4 pages, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  68. J. Gao, L. Shen, Y. Wang, D. Gray, J. Li, and D. Viehland, “Enhanced sensitivity to direct current magnetic field changes in Metglas/Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3–PbTiO3 laminates,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 109, no. 7, Article ID 074507, 3 pages, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  69. D. V. Chashin, Y. K. Fetisov, K. E. Kamentsev, and G. Srinivasan, “Resonance magnetoelectric interactions due to bending modes in a nickel-lead zirconate titanate bilayer,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 92, no. 10, Article ID 102511, 3 pages, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  70. W. Chen, W. Zhu, X. Chen, and Z. Wang, “Enhanced ferroelectric and dielectric properties of CoFe2O4–Pb(Zr0.53Ti0.47)O3 multiferroic composite thick films,” Journal of the American Ceramic Society, vol. 93, no. 3, pp. 796–799, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  71. Y. D. Xu, G. Wu, H. L. Su, M. S. Gui-Yang Yu, and L. Wang, “Magnetoelectric CoFe2O4/Pb(Zr0.53Ti0.47)O3 composite thin films of 2-2 type structure derived by a sol-gel process,” Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 509, pp. 3811–3816, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  72. J. Ryu, C.-W. Baek, G. Han et al., “Magnetoelectric composite thick films of PZT-PMnN + NiZnFe2O4 by aerosol-deposition,” Ceramics International, vol. 38, supplement 1, pp. S431–S434, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  73. H. Zheng, F. Straub, Q. Zhan et al., “Self-assembled growth of BiFeO3–CoFe2O4 nanostructures,” Advanced Materials, vol. 18, no. 20, pp. 2747–2752, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  74. J. G. Wan, X. W. Wang, Y. J. Wu et al., “Magnetoelectric CoFe2O4–Pb(Zr,Ti)O3 composite thin films derived by a sol-gel process,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 86, Article ID 122501, 3 pages, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  75. C. S. Park, J. Ryu, J. J. Choi, D. S. Park, C. W. Ahn, and S. Priya, “Giant magnetoelectric coefficient in 3-2 nanocomposite thick films,” Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 48, no. 8, pp. 0802041–0802043, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  76. N. Ortega, P. Bhattacharya, R. S. Katiyar et al., “Multiferroic properties of Pb(Zr,Ti)O3/CoFe2O4 composite thin films,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 100, no. 12, Article ID 126105, 3 pages, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  77. R. A. Islam, Y. Ni, A. G. Khachaturyan, and S. Priya, “Giant magnetoelectric effect in sintered multilayered composite structures,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 104, no. 4, Article ID 044103, 5 pages, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  78. C. Israel, N. D. Mathur, and J. F. Scott, “A one-cent room-temperature magnetoelectric sensor,” Nature Materials, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 93–94, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  79. G. Srinivasan, E. T. Rasmussen, A. A. Bush, K. E. Kamentsev, V. F. Meshcheryakov, and Y. K. Fetisov, “Structural and magnetoelectric properties of MFe2O4–PZT (M=Ni,Co) and Lax(Ca,Sr)1-xMnO3–PZT multilayer composites,” Applied Physics A, vol. 78, pp. 721–728, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  80. J. Ryu, A. V. Carazo, K. Uchino, and H. E. Kim, “Magnetoelectric properties in piezoelectric and magnetostrictive laminate composites,” Japanese Journal of Applied Physics 1, vol. 40, no. 8, pp. 4948–4951, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  81. S. Dong, J. Zhai, J. Li, and D. Viehland, “Near-ideal magnetoelectricity in high-permeability magnetostrictive/ piezofiber laminates with a (2-1) connectivity,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 89, no. 25, Article ID 252904, 3 pages, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  82. C. Deng, Y. Zhang, J. Ma, Y. Lin, and C.-W. Nan, “Magnetoelectric effect in multiferroic heteroepitaxial BaTiO3–NiFe2O4 composite thin films,” Acta Materialia, vol. 56, no. 3, pp. 405–412, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  83. J.-G. Wan, H. Zhang, X. Wang, D. Pan, J.-M. Liu, and G. Wang, “Magnetoelectric CoFe2O4-lead zirconate titanate thick films prepared by a polyvinylpyrrolidone-assisted sol-gel method,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 89, no. 12, Article ID 122914, 3 pages, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  84. I. Vrejoiu, M. Alexe, D. Hesse, and U. Gösele, “Functional perovskites—from epitaxial films to nanostructured arrays,” Advanced Functional Materials, vol. 18, no. 24, pp. 3892–3906, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  85. Y. G. Ma, W. N. Cheng, M. Ning, and C. K. Ong, “Magnetoelectric effect in epitaxial Pb(Zr0.52Ti0.48)O3/La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 composite thin film,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 90, no. 15, Article ID 152911, 3 pages, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  86. J. Ryu, D.-S. Park, B.-D. Hahn et al., “Photocatalytic TiO2 thin films by aerosol-deposition: from micron-sized particles to nano-grained thin film at room temperature,” Applied Catalysis B, vol. 83, no. 1-2, pp. 1–7, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  87. J. Akedo, “Room temperature impact consolidation (RTIC) of fine ceramic powder by aerosol deposition method and applications to microdevices,” Journal of Thermal Spray Technology, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 181–198, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  88. J. Ryu, K.-Y. Kim, B.-D. Hahn et al., “Photocatalytic nanocomposite thin films of TiO2-β-calcium phosphate by aerosol-deposition,” Catalysis Communications, vol. 10, no. 5, pp. 596–599, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  89. F. Zavaliche, H. Zheng, L. Mohaddes-Ardabili et al., “Electric field-induced magnetization switching in epitaxial columnar nanostructures,” Nano Letters, vol. 5, no. 9, pp. 1793–1796, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus