Advances in Condensed Matter Physics / 2013 / Article / Fig 10

Review Article

Electrodynamics of Metallic Superconductors

Figure 10

(a) Ratio of the infrared transmission through a NbN film in the superconducting state and the normal state for several temperatures; the critical temperature of this film is  K (after [84]). (b) The bolometric absorption spectra of a superconducting NbN film at different temperatures below  K ratioed with a 14 K spectrum above . The curves have been scaled individually to agree at 110  (for the purpose of comparison) and overall to give a 5.3 K spectrum, which equals 1.0 at large wave numbers. The resolution is 2  . (c) Optical reflectivity of a 250 nm NbN film on silicon (  mm) above and below the superconducting transition temperature. The resolution was 0.5  below 100  and 2  above. The inset gives the low-frequency part on a magnified scale in order to demonstrate the shift of the Fabry-Perot resonance pattern: At high frequencies the reflection maxima are in phase, but, for low frequency, the reflectivity in the superconducting state exhibits minima where maxima are observed for . (d) Real and imaginary parts of the conductivity at  K normalized to the normal state value, as extracted from the reflection data shown above. The dashed lines correspond to the calculations based on Mattis-Bardeen theory, yielding an energy gap (after [85]).

Article of the Year Award: Outstanding research contributions of 2020, as selected by our Chief Editors. Read the winning articles.