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Advances in Condensed Matter Physics
Volume 2013, Article ID 347406, 6 pages
Research Article

Hydrothermal Synthesis and Tunable Multicolor Upconversion Emission of Cubic Phase Y2O3 Nanoparticles

1College of Physics and Information Science and Key Laboratory of Low-Dimensional Quantum Structures and Quantum Control of the Ministry of Education, Hunan Normal University, Changsha, Hunan 410081, China
2Faculty of Materials, Optoelectronics and Physics, Key Laboratory of Low-Dimensional Materials and Application Technology (Ministry of Education), Xiangtan University, Xiangtan 411105, China

Received 29 September 2013; Accepted 12 November 2013

Academic Editor: Jianhua Hao

Copyright © 2013 Haibo Wang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Highly crystalline body-centered cubic structure Y2O3 with lanthanide (Ln) codopants (Ln = Yb3+/Er3+ and Yb3+/Ho3+) has been synthesized via a moderate hydrothermal method in combination with a subsequent calcination. The structure and morphology of Y(OH)3 precursors and Y2O3 nanoparticles were characterized by X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy. The results reveal that the Y2O3 nanoparticles possess cubic phase and form the quasispherical structure. The upconversion luminescence properties of Y2O3 nanoparticles doped with different Ln3+ (Yb3+/ Er3+ and Yb3+/ Ho3+) ions were well investigated under the 980 nm excitation. The results show that the Yb3+/Er3+ and Yb3+/Ho3+ codoped Y2O3 nanoparticles exhibit strong red and light yellow upconversion emissions, respectively. It is expected that these Y2O3 nanoparticles with tunable multicolor output and intense red upconversion emission may have potential application in color displays and biolabels.