Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Advances in Condensed Matter Physics
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 761960, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/761960
Research Article

Influence of Codoping on the Optical Properties of ZnO Thin Films Synthesized on Glass Substrate by Chemical Bath Deposition Method

Department of Physics, B.S.Abdur Rahman University, Chennai 600048, India

Received 18 June 2014; Accepted 5 August 2014; Published 31 August 2014

Academic Editor: Weida Hu

Copyright © 2014 G. Shanmuganathan and I. B. Shameem Banu. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. S. M. Hatch, J. Briscoe, A. Sapelkin et al., “Influence of anneal atmosphere on ZnO-nanorod photoluminescent and morphological properties with self-powered photodetector performance,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 113, no. 20, Article ID 204501, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. Y. Lu, X. Zhang, J. Huang et al., “Investigation on antireflection coatings for Al:ZnO in silicon thin-film solar cells,” Optik, vol. 124, no. 18, pp. 3392–3395, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. M. Bär, J.-P. Theisen, R. G. Wilks et al., “Lateral inhomogeneity of the Mg/(Zn+Mg) composition at the (Zn,Mg)O/CuIn(S,Se)2 thin-film solar cell interface revealed by photoemission electron microscopy,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 113, no. 19, Article ID 193709, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. R. Juday, E. M. Silva, J. Y. Huang, P. G. Caldas, R. Prioli, and F. A. Ponce, “Strain-related optical properties of ZnO crystals due to nanoindentation on various surface orientations,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 113, no. 18, Article ID 183511, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. S. M. Abbas, S. T. Hussain, S. Ali, N. Ahmad, N. Ali, and S. Abbas, “Structure and electrochemical performance of ZnO/CNT composite as anode material for lithium-ion batteries,” Journal of Materials Science, vol. 48, no. 16, pp. 5429–5436, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. Z. Zeng, C. S. Garoufalis, A. F. Terzis, and S. Baskoutas, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of ZnO/ZnS and ZnS/ZnO core shell quantum dots: effects of shell thickness, impurity, and dielectric environment,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 114, no. 2, Article ID 023510, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. D. Chu, T. Hamada, K. Kato, and Y. Masuda, “Growth and electrical properties of ZnO films prepared by chemical bath deposition method,” Physica Status Solidi A, vol. 206, no. 4, pp. 718–723, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. D. N. Montenegro, V. Hortelano, O. Martínez et al., “Influence of metal organic chemical vapour deposition growth conditions on vibrational and luminescent properties of ZnO nanorods,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 113, no. 14, Article ID 143513, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. W. Mtangi, M. Schmidt, F. D. Auret et al., “A study of the T2 defect and the emission properties of the E3 deep level in annealed melt grown ZnO single crystals,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 113, no. 12, Article ID 124502, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. J. E. Stehr, X. J. Wang, S. Filippov et al., “Defects in N, O and N, Zn implanted ZnO bulk crystals,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 113, no. 10, Article ID 103509, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. G. Chen, J. J. Peng, C. Song, F. Zeng, and F. Pan, “Interplay between chemical state, electric properties, and ferromagnetism in Fe-doped ZnO films,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 113, no. 10, Article ID 104503, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. J. Joo, B. Y. Chow, M. Prakash, E. S. Boyden, and J. M. Jacobson, “Face-selective electrostatic control of hydrothermal zinc oxide nanowire sythesis,” Nature Materials, vol. 10, pp. 596–601, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. S. S. Shinde, A. P. Korade, C. H. Bhosale, and K. Y. Rajpure, “Influence of tin doping onto structural, morphological, optoelectronic and impedance properties of sprayed ZnO thin films,” Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 551, pp. 688–693, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  14. S.-K. Kim, S. A. Kim, C.-H. Lee, H.-J. Lee, S.-Y. Jeong, and C. R. Cho, “The structural and optical behaviors of K-doped ZnO/Al2O3(0001) films,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 85, no. 3, pp. 419–421, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. L. Xu, F. Gu, J. Su, Y. Chen, X. Li, and X. Wang, “The evolution behavior of structures and photoluminescence of K-doped ZnO thin films under different annealing temperatures,” Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 509, no. 6, pp. 2942–2947, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. J. Lü, K. Huang, J. Zhu, X. Chen, X. Song, and Z. Sun, “Preparation and characterization of Na-doped ZnO thin films by sol-gel method,” Physica B, vol. 405, no. 15, pp. 3167–3171, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  17. W. Liu, F. Xiu, K. Sun et al., “Na-doped p-type ZnO microwires,” Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 132, no. 8, pp. 2498–2499, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. S. Kumar and R. Thangavel, “Structural and optical properties of Na doped ZnO nanocrystalline thin films synthesized using sol-gel spin coating technique,” Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology, vol. 67, no. 1, pp. 50–55, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. M. Joseph, H. Tabata, and T. Kawai, “Ferroelectric behavior of Li-doped ZnO thin films on Si(100) by pulsed laser deposition,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 74, no. 17, pp. 2534–2536, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. S. Kalyanaraman, R. Vettumperumal, and R. Thangavel, “Study of multiple phonon behavior in Li-doped ZnO thin films fabricated using the sol-gel spin-coating technique,” Journal of the Korean Physical Society, vol. 62, no. 5, pp. 804–808, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. T. Rattana, S. Suwanboon, P. Amornpitoksuk, A. Haidoux, and P. Limsuwan, “Improvement of optical properties of nanocrystalline Fe-doped ZnO powders through precipitation method from citrate-modified zinc nitrate solution,” Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 480, no. 2, pp. 603–607, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. Y. Zhang, L. Wu, H. Li et al., “Influence of Fe doping on the optical property of ZnO films,” Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 473, no. 1-2, pp. 319–322, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. M. Benhaliliba, Y. S. Ocak, and A. Tab, “Characterization of coated fe-doped zinc oxide nanostructures,” Journal of Nano- & Electronic Physics, vol. 5, no. 3, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  24. J. Wang, J. Wan, and K. Chen, “Facile synthesis of superparamagnetic Fe-doped ZnO nanoparticles in liquid polyols,” Materials Letters, vol. 64, no. 21, pp. 2373–2375, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. A. Sawalha, M. Abu Abdeen, and A. Sedky, “Electrical conductivity study in pure and doped ZnO ceramic system,” Physica B, vol. 404, no. 8–11, pp. 1316–1320, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  26. J. Xu, S. Shi, X. Zhang, and Y. Wang, “Structural and optical properties of (Al, K)-co-doped ZnO thin films deposited by a sol-gel technique,” Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 732–737, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  27. D. Zhang, J. Zhang, Z. Guo, and X. Miao, “Optical and electrical properties of zinc oxide thin films with low resistivity via Li-N dual-acceptor doping,” Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 509, no. 20, pp. 5962–5968, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. S. Aksoy, Y. Caglar, S. Ilican, and M. Caglar, “Sol-gel derived Li-Mg co-doped ZnO films: preparation and characterization via XRD, XPS, FESEM,” Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 512, no. 1, pp. 171–178, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. J. J. Beltrán, J. A. Osorio, C. A. Barrero, C. B. Hanna, and A. Punnoose, “Magnetic properties of Fe doped, Co doped, and Fe+Co co-doped ZnO,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 113, no. 17, Article ID 17C308, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. S. Ghosh, M. Mandal, and K. Mandal, “Effects of Fe doping and Fe–N-codoping on magnetic properties of SnO2 prepared by chemical co-precipitation,” Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, vol. 323, no. 8, pp. 1083–1087, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  31. G. Shanmuganathan, I. B. S. Banu, S. Krishnan, and B. Ranganathan, “Influence of K-doping on the optical properties of ZnO thin films grown by chemical bath deposition method,” Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 562, pp. 187–193, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. B. Zhang, S. Zhou, H. Wang, and Z. Du, “Raman scattering and photoluminescence of Fe-doped ZnO nanocantilever arrays,” Chinese Science Bulletin, vol. 53, no. 11, pp. 1639–1643, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. C. S. Prajapati, A. Kushwaha, and P. P. Sahay, “Experimental investigation of spray-deposited Fe-doped ZnO nanoparticle thin films: structural, microstructural and optical properties,” JTTEES, vol. 22, p. 1232, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  34. L. Xu and X. Li, “Influence of Fe-doping on the structural and optical properties of ZnO thin films prepared by sol-gel method,” Journal of Crystal Growth, vol. 312, no. 6, pp. 851–855, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  35. L. C. Yang, R. X. Wang, S. J. Xu et al., “Effects of annealing temperature on the characteristics of Ga-doped ZnO film metal-semiconductor-metal ultraviolet photodetectors,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 113, no. 8, Article ID 084501, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. S. Saha and V. Gupta, “Al and Fe co-doped transparent conducting ZnO thin film for mediator-less biosensing application,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 1, Article ID 042112, 3 pages, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  37. K. A. Eswar, A. Azlinda, H. F. Husairi, M. Rusop, and S. Abdullah, “Post annealing effect on thin film composed ZnO nano-particles on porous silicon,” Nano Bulletin, vol. 2, p. 130212-3, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  38. L. Xu and X. Li, “Influence of Fe-doping on the structural and optical properties of ZnO thin films prepared by sol-gel method,” Journal of Crystal Growth, vol. 312, no. 6, pp. 851–855, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. S. M. Salaken, E. Farzana, and J. Podder, “Effect of Fe-doping on the structural and optical properties of ZnO thin films prepared by spray pyrolysis,” Chinese Institute of Electronics, vol. 34, Article ID 073003, 6 pages, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  40. C. S. Prajapati, A. Kushwaha, and P. P. Sahay, “Experimental investigation of spray-deposited fe-doped ZnO nanoparticle thin films: structural, microstructural, and optical properties,” Journal of Thermal Spray Technology, vol. 22, no. 7, pp. 1230–1241, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. T. Wang, Y. Liu, Q. Fang et al., “Morphology and optical properties of Co doped ZnO textured thin films,” Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 509, no. 37, pp. 9116–9122, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. M. Öztas and M. Bedir, “Thickness dependence of structural, electrical and optical properties of sprayed ZnO:Cu films,” Thin Solid Films, vol. 516, no. 8, pp. 1703–1709, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. A. A. Ziabari and F. E. Ghodsi, “Optoelectronic studies of sol-gel derived nanostructured CdO-ZnO composite films,” Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 509, no. 35, pp. 8748–8755, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. Q. G. Du, G. Alagappan, H. Dai et al., “UV-blocking ZnO nanostructure anti-reflective coatings,” Optics Communications, vol. 285, no. 13-14, pp. 3238–3241, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. O. Lupana, T. Pauporte, L. Chowc et al., “Effects of annealing on properties of ZnO thin films prepared by electrochemical deposition in chloride medium,” Applied Surface Science, vol. 256, pp. 1895–1907, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  46. Z. R. Khan, M. S. Khan, M. Zulfequar, and M. S. Khan, “Optical and structural properties of ZnO thin films fabricated by Sol-Gel method,” Materials Sciences and Applications, vol. 2, no. 5, pp. 340–345, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  47. B. Y. Erdoan, “The alloying effects on the structural and optical properties of nanocrystalline copper zinc oxide thin films fabricated by spin coating and annealing method,” Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 502, no. 2, pp. 445–450, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  48. A. S. Kuznetsov, Y.-G. Lu, S. Turner et al., “Preparation, structural and optical characterization of nanocrystalline ZnO doped with luminescent Ag-nanoclusters,” Optical Materials Express, vol. 2, no. 6, pp. 723–734, 2012. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  49. M. Gao, J. Yang, L. Yang et al., “Enhancement of optical properties and donor-related emissions in Y-doped ZnO,” Superlattices and Microstructures, vol. 52, no. 1, pp. 84–91, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus