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Advances in Condensed Matter Physics
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 5808029, 5 pages
Research Article

The First Observation of Metallic Behaviour in Nd3.5Sm0.5Ni3O8

Department of Physics, Yokohama National University, Yokohama, Kanagawa 240-8501, Japan

Received 29 September 2015; Accepted 4 January 2016

Academic Editor: Rosa Lukaszew

Copyright © 2016 Akitoshi Nakata et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


In Nd3.5Sm0.5Ni3O8 which has basically the same crystal structure and the similar electrical configuration (Ni+ 3d9/Ni2+ 3d8 mix valence state) with high- cuprate, it has been found that this material shows metallic behaviour down to about 20 K by intercalation and subsequent deintercalation with sulfur. This is the first observation of the metallic state in this system. It is unclear why sulfur-intercalation and deintercalation induce the metallic state. We speculate that sulfur works as an effective getter for removing the interstitial apical oxygen which impedes the metallic conduction. However, the weak localization of carriers in the NiO2 planes still remains below 20 K and the localization may be one of the obstacles to occurrence of possible superconductivity.