Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Advances in Condensed Matter Physics
Volume 2017, Article ID 1946490, 5 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/1946490
Research Article

Study of Low Voltage Prebreakdown Sites in Multicrystalline Si Based Cells by the LBIC, EL, and EDS Methods

1Institute of Solid State Physics RAS, Chernogolovka, Russia
2Institute of Microelectronics Technology RAS, Chernogolovka, Russia
3D. Mendeleev University of Chemical Technology of Russia, Moscow, Russia
4Innotra LLC, Moscow, Russia

Correspondence should be addressed to E. P. Magomedbekov; ur.utcr@radle

Received 16 February 2017; Revised 20 March 2017; Accepted 21 March 2017; Published 10 April 2017

Academic Editor: Sergei Sergeenkov

Copyright © 2017 V. I. Orlov et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. M. Langenkamp and O. Breitenstein, “Classification of shunting mechanisms in crystalline silicon solar cells,” Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, vol. 72, no. 1–4, pp. 433–440, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. O. Breitenstein, J. P. Rakotoniaina, M. H. Al Rifai, and M. Werner, “Shunt types in crystalline silicon solar cells,” Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications, vol. 12, no. 7, pp. 529–538, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. S. Dongaonkar, J. D. Servaites, G. M. Ford et al., “Universality of non-Ohmic shunt leakage in thin-film solar cells,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 108, no. 12, Article ID 124509, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. S. Großer, D. Lausch, M. Werner et al., “Shunt analysis in solar cells—electro-optical classification and high resolution defect diagnostics,” Energy Procedia, vol. 27, pp. 7–12, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  5. E. Sugimura, S. Takamoto, S. Tsujii, K. Hirata, A. Tani, and T. Fuyuki, “Spatially resolved electroluminescence imaging of shunt sources in crystalline silicon solar cells,” Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 51, no. 10, Article ID 10NA02, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. O. Breitenstein, J. Bauer, K. Bothe et al., “Understanding junction breakdown in multicrystalline solar cells,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 109, no. 7, Article ID 071101, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. D. Lausch, K. Petter, R. Bakowskie et al., “Identification of pre-breakdown mechanism of silicon solar cells at low reverse voltages,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 97, no. 7, Article ID 073506, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. D. Lausch, K. Petter, H. Von Wenckstern, and M. Grundmann, “Correlation of pre-breakdown sites and bulk defects in multicrystalline silicon solar cells,” Physica Status Solidi—Rapid Research Letters, vol. 3, no. 2-3, pp. 70–72, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. M. Schneemann, T. Kirchartz, R. Carius, and U. Rau, “Electric properties and carrier multiplication in breakdown sites in multi-crystalline silicon solar cells,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 117, no. 20, Article ID 205703, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. K. Bothe, K. Ramspeck, D. Hinken et al., “Luminescence emission from forward- and reverse-biased multicrystalline silicon solar cells,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 106, no. 10, Article ID 104510, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. D. Lausch, K. Petter, B. Henke, R. Bakowskie, S. Schweizer, and C. Hagendorf, “Classification of recombination active defect structures in multicrystalline silicon solar cells,” Energy Procedia, vol. 8, pp. 28–34, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  12. O. V. Feklisova, X. Yu, D. Yang, and E. B. Yakimov, “Effect of metal contamination on recombination properties of extended defects in multicrystalline Si,” Physica Status Solidi C, vol. 9, no. 10-11, pp. 1942–1946, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  13. W. Kwapil, P. Gundel, M. C. Schubert et al., “Observation of metal precipitates at prebreakdown sites in multicrystalline silicon solar cells,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 95, no. 23, Article ID 232113, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. W. Kwapil, M. Kasemann, P. Gundel et al., “Diode breakdown related to recombination active defects in block-cast multicrystalline silicon solar cells,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 106, no. 6, Article ID 063530, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. S. Brantov, O. Feklisova, and E. Yakimov, “Characterization of silicon ribbon by the SEM methods,” Physica Status Solidi (C) Current Topics in Solid State Physics, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 1384–1387, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. F. D. Heinz, M. Breitwieser, P. Gundel et al., “Microscopic origin of the aluminium assisted spiking effects in n-type silicon solar cells,” Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, vol. 131, pp. 105–109, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. O. Breitenstein, J. Bauer, P. P. Altermatt, and K. Ramspeck, “Influence of defects on solar cell characteristics,” Solid State Phenomena, vol. 156–158, pp. 1–10, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. H. J. Möller, C. Funke, J. Bauer, S. Köstner, H. Straube, and O. Breitenstein, “Growth of silicon carbide filaments in multicrystalline silicon for solar cells,” in Solid State Phenomena, vol. 156–158, pp. 35–40, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar