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Analytical Cellular Pathology
Volume 20, Issue 1, Pages 33-39

Combining Dynamic and Static Robotic Telepathology: A Report on 184 Consecutive Cases of Frozen Sections, Histology and Cytology

Vincenzo Della Mea, Palmina Cataldi, Barbara Pertoldi, and Carlo A. Beltrami

Institute of Pathology, University of Udine, Italy

Received 1 July 1999; Accepted 4 February 2000

Copyright © 2000 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The aim of this paper is to describe the experiments carried out to evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of a dynamic‐robotic telepathology system for the delivery of pathology services to distant hospitals. The system provides static/dynamic features and the remote control of a robotized microscope over 4 ISDN lines. For evaluation purposes, 184 consecutive cases of frozen sections (60), gastrointestinal pathology (64), and urinary cytology (60) have been diagnosed at a distance using the system, and the telediagnosis obtained in this way has been compared with the traditional microscopic diagnosis. Diagnostic agreement ranged from 90% in urinary cytology to 100% in frozen sections. The results obtained suggest that such a system can be considered a useful tool for supporting the pathology practice in isolated hospitals.