Analytical Cellular Pathology

Analytical Cellular Pathology / 2007 / Article

Open Access

Volume 29 |Article ID 569246 | https://doi.org/10.1155/2007/569246

Emiel A. M. Janssen, Håvard Søiland, Ivar Skaland, Einar Gudlaugson, Kjell H. Kjellevold, Arne Nysted, Jon-Arne Søreide, Jan P. A. Baak, "Comparing the Prognostic Value of PTEN and Akt Expression with the Mitotic Activity Index in Adjuvant Chemotherapy-Treated Node-Negative Breast Cancer patients aged <55 years", Analytical Cellular Pathology, vol. 29, Article ID 569246, 11 pages, 2007. https://doi.org/10.1155/2007/569246

Comparing the Prognostic Value of PTEN and Akt Expression with the Mitotic Activity Index in Adjuvant Chemotherapy-Treated Node-Negative Breast Cancer patients aged <55 years

Abstract

Background: The prognostic value of the PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway and PTEN in invasive breast cancer (IBC) is controversial. Cell proliferation, especially the Mitotic Activity Index (MAI), is strongly prognostic in lymph node-negative (LNneg) invasive breast cancer. However, its prognostic value has not been compared with the value of Akt and PTEN expression. Material and Methods: Prognostic comparison of Her2Neu, p110alpha (PIK3CA), Akt, mTOR, PTEN, MAI and cell-cycle regulators in 125 LNneg patients aged <55 years with cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, and 5-fluorouracil (CMF)-based adjuvant systemic chemotherapy. Results: Twenty-one (17%) patients developed distant metastases = DMs (median follow-up: 134 months). p110alpha correlated (p = 0.01) with pAkt but only in PTEN-negatives; pAkt correlated (p = 0.02) with mTOR. PTEN-negativity correlated with high MAI, high grade and ER-negativity (p = 0.009). The MAI was the strongest prognosticator (Hazard Ratio = HR = 2.9, p = 0.01). Her2Neu/p110α/Akt/mTOR features have no additional prognostic value to the MAI. PTEN had additional value but only in MAI < 3 (39/125 = 31%; 8% DMs). 19/39 = 49% of the MAI < 3 patients have combined MAI < 3 / PTEN+ with 0% DMs, contrasting 15% DMs in MAI < 3 / PTEN− (p = 0.03). Conclusions: In T1−3N0M0 adjuvant CMF-treated breast cancer patients aged <55 years, MAI was the strongest survival predictor. The PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway and cell-cycle regulator characteristics had no additional prognostic value, but PTEN has. Patients with combined MAI < 3 & PTEN-positivity had 100% survival. The small subgroup of MAI < 3 patients that died were PTEN-negative.

Copyright © 2007 Hindawi Publishing Corporation and the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


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