Analytical Cellular Pathology

Analytical Cellular Pathology / 2009 / Article

Open Access

Volume 31 |Article ID 416923 | 14 pages |

Prognostic Relevance of Promoter Hypermethylation of Multiple Genes in Breast Cancer Patients


Background: Methylation-mediated suppression of detoxification, DNA repair and tumor suppressor genes has been implicated in cancer development. This study was designed to investigate the impact of concurrent methylation of multiple genes in breast tumors on disease prognosis.Methods: Methylation specific PCR was carried out to analyze the methylation status of seven genes in archived breast tissues and determine the effect of aberrant methylation of multiple genes on disease prognosis and patients’ survival.Results: Promoter hypermethylation was observed in PRB 67%, ERα 64%, RASSF1A 63%, p16INK4A 51%, PRBβ2 22%, GSTP1 25% and BRCA1 27% of the breast cancers, respectively. Concurrent methylation of BRCA1, ERα, GSTP1 and RARβ2, was observed in a large proportion of breast cancers analyzed, suggesting that these genes do not appear to be methylated alone. Patients with high methylation indices had poor prognosis (p < 0.001, Hazards ratio = 14.58). Cox regression analysis showed RARβ2 promoter methylation to be an independent important determinant of breast cancer prognosis.Conclusions: Our results suggest that methylation of multiple genes plays an important role in prognosis of breast cancer. Our study not only describes the association of methylation mediated silencing of multiple genes with the severity of disease, but also drives to speculate the molecular crosstalk between genes or genetic pathways regulated by them individually.

Copyright © 2009 Hindawi Publishing Corporation and the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

More related articles

112 Views | 334 Downloads | 32 Citations
 PDF  Download Citation  Citation
 Order printed copiesOrder

Related articles

We are committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly and safely as possible. Any author submitting a COVID-19 paper should notify us at to ensure their research is fast-tracked and made available on a preprint server as soon as possible. We will be providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted articles related to COVID-19. Sign up here as a reviewer to help fast-track new submissions.