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Analytical Cellular Pathology
Volume 36, Issue 5-6, Pages 125-132
http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/ACP-140086

Study on Interaction of Cationic Porphyrazine with Synthetic Polynucleotides

Hamid Dezhampanah and Soghra Fyzolahjani

Laboratory of Physical Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Department of Chemistry, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran

Copyright © 2013 Hindawi Publishing Corporation and the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Interactions of cationic tetrakis (N, N′, N″, N‴- tetramethyltetra-3, 4-pyridinoporphyrazinatozinc (II) (Zn (tmtppa)) with synthetic polynucleotides, poly (G-C) and poly (A-T), and calf thymus DNA have been characterized in 7.5 mM phosphate buffer of pH 7.2 by UV-Vis absorption and fluorescence spectroscopy. The appearance of hypochromicity more than 30% in UV-Vis spectra of porphyrazine due to interaction of both poly (G-C) and poly (A-T) indicates interaction similar to that of porphyrazine with DNA.

The binding constants were determined from the changes in the Q-band maximum of the porphyrazine spectra at various poly (G-C) and DNA concentrations. The values of K were 2.5 × 106 M−1, 2.5 × 106 M−1 and 2.5 × 105 M−1 for poly (G-C), poly (A-T) and DNA, respectively, at 25°C. The thermodynamic parameters (ΔG°, ΔH°, ΔS°) were calculated using the van't Hoff equation at various temperatures. The enthalpy and entropy changes were determined to be 41.14 kJ mol−1 and 260.50 J mol−1·K−1 for poly (G-C) and 53.59 kJ mol−1 and 285.46 J mol−1·K−1 for DNA at 25°C. The positive and large values of the entropy and enthalpy suggest that both hydrophobic and electrostatic interactions may play an important role in the stabilization of the complex formation. The binding of polynucleotides to porphyrazine quenches fluorescence emission of ethidium bromide (EB), and the quenching process obeys linear Stern-Volmer relationship. The results reviled groove-binding mode of porphyrazine for both AT- and GC-rich polynucleotides of DNA.