Introducing Polyautoimmunity: Secondary Autoimmune Diseases No Longer Exist
Cluster analysis dendogram. Each node represets a stage from the clustering process. There were four clusters. The most hierarchical was composed of four ADs. AITD: autoimmune thyroid disease (including thyroiditis, Hashimoto disease, Graves disease); SLE: systemic lupus erythematosus; SS: Sjögren’s syndrome; APS: antiphospholipid syndrome; T1D: type 1 diabetes mellitus; SSc: scleroderma (including localized, systemic, diffuse, limited); BID: billiary inflammatory disease (including primary biliary cirrhosis, primary sclerosing cholangitis); CD: celiac disease; VIT: vitiligo; AIH: autoimmune hepatitis; RA: rheumatoid arthritis; MG: myasthenia gravis; PMDM: polymyositis/dermatomyositis; PA: pernicious anemia; DAD: demyelinating autoimmune diseases (including multiple sclerosis, transverse myelitis, optic neuromyelitis); AAI: autoimmune adrenal insufficiency (Addison disease); HA: autoimmune anemia; ITP: idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura; AG: autoimmune gastritis; VAS: vasculitis (including Churg-Strauss syndrome, giant cell arteritis, microscopic polyangiitis, cryoglobulinemia, polyarteritis nodosa, Wegener granulomatosis); PF: pemphigus (including vulgaris, bulloso, foliaceous); IBD: inflammatory bowel disease (including ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease); AA: alopecia areata; PsA: psoriasis (including psoriatic arthritis); SAR: sarcoidosis; JCA: juvenile chronic arthritis; AS: ankylosing spondylitis; RePo: relapsing polychondritis.