Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Autoimmune Diseases
Volume 2014, Article ID 238931, 3 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/238931
Research Article

Idiopathic Uveitis and Familial Mediterranean Fever: Is There Any Relationship?

1Pediatric Department, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences (ARUMS), Ardabil 56157, Iran
2Department of Pediatrics, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences (ARUMS), Bouali Hospital, Iran

Received 27 August 2013; Revised 10 November 2013; Accepted 16 November 2013; Published 30 January 2014

Academic Editor: Nalini S. Bora

Copyright © 2014 Farhad Salehzadeh et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Introduction. Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is an auto-inflammatory disease characterized by attacks of fever and polyserositis. FMF is often associated with other autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, polyarteritis nodosa (PAN), and Behcet. Uveitis is an inflammatory process caused by underlying infectious and inflammatory disorders. This study investigates the probable relationship between idiopathic uveitis and FMF. Methods. Patients with idiopathic uveitis were analyzed for the 12 most common MEFV mutations (P369S, F479L, M680I(G/C), M680I(G/A), I692del, M694V, M694I, K695R, V726A, A744S, R761H, E148Q) by a reverse hybridization assay (FMF StripAssay,Vienna lab,Vienna, Austria). Results. 12 patients with idiopathic uveitis were enrolled in this study. 10 of them were female. The youngest patient was a 7-year-old child and the oldest was 57. The most common complaints of patients were blurred vision and then eye redness. One patient was heterozygous for R761H. Genetic analysis of the 12 most common MEFV mutations in the patients with idiopathic uveitis didnot have any positive results. Conclusion. According to the analysis of the 12 most common MEFV gene mutations, FMF is not an underlying cause of idiopathic uveitis. On the other hand, uveitis merely could not be the first presentation of FMF.