Applied and Environmental Soil Science / 2011 / Article / Tab 1

Review Article

The Importance of Endospore-Forming Bacteria Originating from Soil for Contamination of Industrial Food Processing

Table 1

Phylogenetic structure of the B. cereus group and characteristics based on data from Guinebretière et al. [4].

Phylogenetic groupAssociation to a currently valid speciesGrowth temperature range in °C (% of strains growing at lowest temperaturea)Association to cases of food poisoning (% of strainsb)

IB. pseudomycoides10–40 (75%)No (0%)
IIB. cereus IIc and B. thuringiensis II7–40 (73%)Yes (21%)
IIIB. cereus III (emetic strains), B. thuringiensis III, B. anthracis 15–45 (100%)Yes (33%)
IVB. cereus IV and B. thuringiensis IV10–45 (100%)Yes (22%)
VB. cereus V and B. thuringiensis V8–40 (14%)Yes (12%)
VIB. weihenstephanensis and B. mycoides 5–37 (40%)No (0%)
VIIB. cytotoxicusd20–50 (100%)Yes (50%)

apercentage of strains in the study of Guinebretière et al. [4] which could grow at lowest temperature of indicated temperature range for each phylogenetic group; bpercentage of strains for each phylogenetic group in the study of Guinebretière et al. [4] which could be associated to food poisoning foods; cproposal of Guinebretière et al. [4] to add phylogenetic number (I to VII) to the species name; dnot yet validated species.